Blockchain News Roundup: NFTs, Smart Contracts, and DeFi

Blockchain news feature image


In this blockchain news roundup, we will look at the most recent developments in the blockchain and cryptocurrency ecosystem, concentrating on three main areas: Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), Smart Contracts, and Decentralized Finance (DeFi).

As these groundbreaking innovations keep evolving and acquiring popularity, it is critical to stay updated about their commercial impact, user uptake, and the current arguments over their deployment and governance.

Smart Contracts: Aiken Language and Crypto Trading Bots Transforming the Landscape

In this section, discover the latest breakthroughs in the realm of smart contracts, like the Aiken language, which promises to transform Cardano platform development, and 3Commas, which leads the charge in crypto trading bot innovation.

Introducing Aiken: A New Platform for Smart Contracts on Cardano

Aiken, a new programming language meant to facilitate the development of smart contracts on the Cardano blockchain, has been released by the Cardano Foundation.

Aiken is small and simple to learn, but it has advanced features including strong static typing with inference, first-class functions, custom types, recursion, modules, and generics. This new language intends to improve the developer experience and help the Cardano ecosystem expand.

Aiken provides a rich set of tools for interacting with Plutus, Cardano’s native smart contract platform. A built-in unit test framework, a full-fledged Plutus interpreter and disassembler, execution cost evaluation with trace reporting, and low-level script parameters injection are all included.

The toolkit also supports the Language Server Protocol (LSP) with auto-formatting and provides aesthetically appealing library documentation that is simple to create.

The Cardano Foundation supports Aiken, a fully open-source project developed in Rust and licensed under Apache-2.0. The Cardano community, with over 20 contributors, has extensively documented Aiken and provided end-to-end examples through a straightforward contribution process and explicit guidelines.

TxPipe initiated the project, but the Cardano Foundation is now developing it, showing promise for a bright future in smart contract development on the Cardano platform.

Dive Deeper: Ethereum Starter Kit: Smart Contract Development For Beginners

Cryptocurrency Trading Bots: Paving the Way for Advanced Smart Contracts

Cryptocurrency trading bots have grown in popularity in recent years due to their capacity to automate the trading process and execute plans 24 hours a day, seven days a week. These bots are programmed to evaluate market data, locate profitable trading opportunities, and place orders on customers’ behalf, optimizing efficiency and minimizing human mistakes.

3Commas, a popular cryptocurrency trading bot, provides a full set of capabilities, including automated trading, portfolio management, and customizability. It is simple UI and powerful functionality make it appealing to both rookie and seasoned traders.

The underlying technology underpinning trading bots like 3Commas may pave the door for more complex smart contract applications that harness automation and data analysis capabilities to transform numerous industries as the crypto ecosystem evolves.

DeFi: iZUMi Finance’s Funding Success and the CeFi vs. DeFi Debate

Dive into the latest developments in decentralized finance, including iZUMi Finance’s $22 million fundraising round to strengthen its multichain protocol, and the ongoing dispute between CeFi and DeFi, which continues to influence the future of crypto money.

iZUMi Finance Raises $22 Million: A New Era for Multichain DeFi Protocols

iZUMi Finance, a multichain decentralized finance platform, has raised $22 million in investment. The money will be utilized to provide early liquidity for iZiSwap Pro, the startup’s on-chain order book DEX available on the zkSync Era network.

According to Defi Llama data, iZUMi Finance provides one-step “liquidity-as-a-service” and currently has around $25 million in total value locked.

iZiSwap Pro is a market maker-driven automated order book DEX that attempts to reduce transaction costs and custody concerns associated with similar market offerings. The financing round included the issue of an iZUMi zk-Fund, a semi-fungible token (SFT), by strategic partner Solv Protocol.

Investors received an SFT in their wallet, reflecting their portion of the fund and making them limited partners. Unicode Digital, NextGen Digital Venture, Bella Protocol, and Incuba Alpha were among the round’s investors.

DeFi vs. CeFi: The Battle for the Future of Crypto Finance

Centralized exchanges (CeFi) played a crucial role in fostering early crypto adoption. However, their recent failures have highlighted the need for decentralized exchanges (DEX). Panelists at CoinDesk’s Consensus 2023 conference engaged in debates. They discussed the distinction between CeFi and DeFi, and their future roles in banking.

Many new digital asset users have gained access to CeFi exchanges such as Coinbase. CeFi’s lack of transparency and reliance on non-blockchain technology are concerns. These issues have led to high-profile disasters, such as the November collapse of FTX.

Panelists believe that DeFi will eventually dominate. In the short term, however, CeFi may continue to lead due to its compatibility with existing regulations.

Learn more about DeFi: DeFi Lending: How to Earn Passive Income with Crypto

NFTs: Market Shifts in Buyer-Seller Dynamics and the Royalties Debate at Consensus Festival

As recent data shows swings in buyer-seller dynamics and conversations on creator royalties heat up at the Consensus Festival, the NFT market is undergoing substantial adjustments. As the market for digital art and collectibles continues to grow and evolve, these developments give light on its future.

NFT Market Experiences Consistent Seller Surplus in April

Throughout April, data from the analytics platform NFTGo demonstrated a steady surplus of sellers versus buyers in the NFT market. On April 26, for example, there were just 7,907 buyers and 8,641 sellers, indicating a possible lack of demand.

On April 19, the market reached its second-lowest point in a year, with only 5,893 buyers. The lowest recorded buyer count was 5,343 on June 18, 2022.

Notably, there was not a single day in April when the number of buyers outnumbered the number of sellers. March 11 was the final reported day with more buyers than sellers.

Following the failure of Silicon Valley Bank on March 12, the NFT market fell. Fear gripped traders, as NFT trading volumes fell from $68-74 million on March 10 to $36 million on March 12.

Royalties and the NFT Debate: Balancing Creator Rights and Market Opportunities

Erick Calderon, the co-founder of Art Blocks, spoke on the NFT creator royalties dispute at CoinDesk’s Consensus Festival. Art Blocks is a generative art NFT collection and organization. They recently established an NFT marketplace with built-in creator royalties as a default feature.

Calderon stated that royalties are beneficial not only to authors but also to the broader NFT ecosystem, including collectors and investors. He explained that royalties can encourage artists to think more deeply about their work. Regular participation in the NFT community, driven by these incentives, can lead to higher quality and more valuable art.

Calderon did recognize, however, that anti-royalty marketplaces and NFT collectors still have a place in the ecosystem, and that players have the right to operate in a decentralized economy as they see fit.

Explore the realm of NFTs: NFT Platform: A guide to creating your digital marketplace


That’s all there is to it, guys! That concludes today’s interesting news headlines from the world of blockchain and cryptocurrency. As we ride the digital currency wave, it’s nice to have industry specialists like OnGraph Technologies giving free consultations to help us navigate the thrilling twists and turns of the blockchain rollercoaster.

So, strap in, grab your crypto helmets, and let’s plunge into the decentralized future together, aided by our colleagues at OnGraph. Remember, information is power, and it’s also your ticket to ride in the world of blockchain!

See you on the other side, crypto fans!

NFT Platform: A Guide to Creating Your Digital Marketplace

NFT feature image

Picture a world where digital assets like artworks and collections are changing how we think about money and property. That’s the world we live in today, thanks to the unique phenomenon of NFTs.

NFTs have grown exponentially in recent years, attracting the attention of inventors, investors, and organizations alike. This surge has also given rise to numerous platforms dedicated to the creation, trading, and maintenance of these one-of-a-kind tokens.

As a business owner, you might get intrigued about how this cutting-edge technology can benefit your company and open new avenues for growth and innovation. Navigating this fast-changing market may be difficult, but we’ve got you covered with vital insights and practical guidance to help you stand out from the crowd.

This guide delves deep into the realm of NFTs, covering its pros and cons besides providing a step-by-step process for developing and managing your own NFT platform. We’ll also look at growth, monetization, and promotion techniques to make sure you’re ready to make a splash in the digital marketplace.

So buckle up for an exciting adventure into the world of NFTs, where we’ll uncover the secrets and unveil the opportunities that await you as you build your NFT platform.

Let’s begin!

Unearthing the Magic of NFTs

NFTs, or non-fungible tokens, are one-of-a-kind, indivisible digital assets that cannot be swapped one for one. This distinguishing feature distinguishes them from cryptocurrencies and opens up a world of possibilities for creators, collectors, and businesses alike.

The charm of NFTs comes in their one-of-a-kind nature, as each token has its own inherent worth, much like a rare picture or a one-of-a-kind baseball card. NFTs are altering the concept of ownership and value in the digital era, from digital art masterpieces that sell for millions to virtual real estate transactions.

In 2022, Ethereum’s NFT sphere witnessed a trading volume of 8.22 million ETH across 2.46 million wallets, leading to an $11.3 billion market cap, surpassing the GDP of several countries like Kosovo, Togo, and Somalia. The NFT market is projected to grow at a 33.7% CAGR, reaching $231 billion by 2030.

A Brief History of NFTs: From Insignificance to Stardom

NFTs, like many other exceptional innovations, had humble beginnings. Let’s go on a time-travel voyage to learn about the significant events that shaped the NFT landscape as we know it today:

  • CryptoPunks and CryptoKitties are the pioneers:

The delightful 8-bit avatars known as CryptoPunks were presented to the public in 2017, followed by the irresistibly attractive CryptoKitties. By showcasing the possibilities of digital collectibles on the blockchain, these ventures laid the framework for the NFT revolution.

  • The Art Movement:

As digital artists began to embrace NFTs, high-profile sales such as Beeple’s “Everydays” and Banksy’s “Morons” tokenization brought NFT art into the general consciousness.

  • NFTs Take Center Stage in the Adoption Wave:

Celebrities, sports teams, and even large corporations joined the NFT bandwagon, boosting the popularity of digital collectibles and broadening the use cases for non-fungible tokens.

  • Building the Future of Digital Assets:

Today, the NFT ecosystem is expanding at a rapid pace, with new initiatives, platforms, and applications emerging that push the limits of what NFTs can do.

As we look at the many types of NFTs, you’ll see how they’re reshaping sectors and opening up new prospects for innovation and growth.

The most expensive Cryptopunk sold

Image: CryptoPunk #7523, the most expensive CryptoPunk ever sold for 11.75 million dollars (Source: OpenSea)

The Diverse World of NFTs: The Types of Tokens

NFTs exist in various forms, each captivating in its way. There is something for everyone among the varieties of NFTs available. Let’s take a quick look at the numerous forms NFTs can take:

Digital Art: Revolutionizing the art world one pixel at a time

NFTs are being used by artists to make and sell digital masterpieces that can be traded, collected, and displayed in the same way that traditional art is.

NFTs are offering the art world a whole new canvas to showcase their ability, from Beeple’s record-breaking $69 million auction of “Everydays” to unique digital works by rising artists.


Image: Beeple (Credit: Gadgets360)

Collectibles: From trading cards to virtual sneakers

Remember how exciting it was to collect trade cards or unique stamps? With virtual collectibles ranging from digital trading cards to exclusive virtual fashion items, NFTs bring that enthusiasm into the digital sphere.

CryptoKitties, NBA Top Shot, and Sorare are just a few examples of digital collectibles that have piqued collectors’ interest around the world.

Virtual Land: Real Estate in the Metaverse

Have you ever wished to create your virtual paradise? NFTs enable this by allowing users to buy, sell, and develop virtual land in explorable and monetizable digital environments.

Virtual land ownership is being pioneered by platforms such as Decentraland, The Sandbox, and Somnium Space.

Gaming Assets: Leveling up the gaming experience with NFTs

NFTs improve the gaming experience by allowing players to own their in-game assets, exchange them with others, and use them across numerous platforms.

Games like Axie Infinity and Gods Unchained provide actual ownership of in-game assets, stimulating commerce, and encouraging cross-platform interoperability.

Other Emerging NFT Categories: Uncharted digital territories

The possible uses for NFTs continue to develop, paving the door for innovations ranging from tokenized event tickets with NFT-backed VIP experiences to digital fashion items that may be worn in virtual worlds. Who knows what will be the next major NFT trend?

The Technology Behind NFTs

Technology Behind NFTs

At the heart of the NFT phenomenon is a powerful and disruptive technology: blockchain. The blockchain’s decentralized, secure, and transparent nature makes it the ideal basis for NFTs, assuring that these digital assets are secure, verifiable, and resistant to fraud.

Key blockchain elements that enable the NFTs include:


Blockchain functions on a decentralized network of computers, ensuring that no single party may control or modify the data, fostering confidence and transparency in the NFT ecosystem.


Once a piece of data (such as the ownership of an NFT) is registered in the blockchain, it becomes essentially tamper-proof, providing a safe and verifiable record of ownership for digital assets.

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts, which are self-executing pieces of code, form the foundation of NFTs. They enable the creation, trading, and management of these unique tokens, automating procedures and assuring the smooth operation of the NFT market.


NFTs can be built on a variety of blockchains, including Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and Flow. Cross-chain compatibility and partnerships are growing as technology improves, boosting the possibilities for NFTs even further.

Take a look: The Ultimate Guide to Blockchain Development

The Abundance of Benefits: How NFTs Can Transform Your Business

As a business owner, you might wonder how NFTs can assist your company and increase your profits. In this section, we’ll look at the many benefits of NFTs for businesses. We will also cover some success stories from diverse industries.

Monetizing Digital Assets

NFTs enable organizations to monetize digital works such as art, collectibles, and even virtual experiences, converting intangible assets into revenue sources.

Increased Customer Engagement and Loyalty

Businesses may develop emotional ties with their customers by offering exclusive, limited-edition NFTs, increasing engagement, and fostering long-term loyalty.

Adding New Revenue Streams

Businesses can use NFTs to experiment with new revenue streams such as virtual items, digital partnerships, and even tokenized memberships or subscriptions.

Securing Intellectual Property Rights

The blockchain technology that underpins NFTs provides a safe and verifiable method of establishing and protecting digital ownership, allowing firms to defend their intellectual property in the digital arena.

How do NFTs offer Profitability and Long-Term Value Potential?

Investing in NFTs as a business can offer significant rewards because the unique, rare nature of these digital assets frequently leads to increased demand and, consequently, higher value over time.

The potential for royalties increases the profitability of NFTs, as creators can earn a percentage of the money from secondary sales, ensuring continued income long after the first sale.

Real-World Insight: NFT Success Stories from Various Industries

Here are some examples of how NFTs have helped businesses reach success.

Top Shot and the NBA: Redefining Sports Memorabilia

NBA Top Shot has taken the sports world by storm, providing fans with one-of-a-kind, legally licensed digital highlights that can be bought, sold, and exchanged in the same way that traditional sports memorabilia is.

NBA Top Shot

Image: NBA Top Shot (Source: NYTimes)

Gucci’s Virtual Sneakers: Luxury Brands Embracing Digital Fashion

Gucci and other luxury labels have entered the NFT arena, developing digital fashion goods such as virtual sneakers that can be collected and even worn in virtual worlds.

Gucci's Virtual Shoes

Image: Gucci’s Virtual Sneakers (Source: TheVerge)

Innovators in the Music Industry: Kings of Leon’s NFT Album Release

Kings of Leon made history when they released their album “When You See Yourself” as an NFT, providing fans with exclusive rewards such as front-row concert tickets and behind-the-scenes access.

Navigating the NFT Space: Obstacles and Considerations

While the world of NFTs is full of opportunities, it is critical to be aware of the risks and concerns that come with the territory. In this section, we’ll look at the issues that organizations should consider before entering the NFT market with examples and solutions.

Legal and Regulatory Obstacles

Businesses must negotiate the complex legal framework surrounding digital assets as NFTs gain popularity. Copyright, licensing, and ownership issues must be addressed, and firms must keep up with the ever-changing regulatory environment to maintain compliance.

For example, the dispute between artist Richard Prince and his NFT artwork “New Portraits” raised issues of intellectual property and fair usage.

To avoid such issues, firms must collaborate with legal specialists to set clear ownership and license terms for their NFTs while adhering to intellectual property rules.

Environmental Concerns and the Struggle for Long-Term Solutions

Blockchain technology, especially proof-of-work systems like Ethereum’s, can be energy-intensive, raising environmental concerns. Businesses entering the NFT industry should focus on sustainable solutions as public knowledge of these challenges rises.

Consider Ethereum’s energy-intensive proof-of-work technology, which has been chastised for its environmental impact.

Businesses can reduce their environmental impact by using more energy-efficient blockchain systems, such as Ethereum 2.0 or Flow, or by supporting initiatives such as carbon offset schemes.

Read more about Ethereum: Ethereum Starter Kit: Smart Contract Development For Beginners

Risk Management and Fraud Prevention

While the blockchain technology underlying NFTs provide increased security, no system is completely immune to fraud. Businesses must be careful in preserving their digital assets and putting in place safeguards to avoid counterfeiting and illicit dissemination of NFTs.

Nifty Gateway, an NFT marketplace, witnessed a series of account takeovers in early 2021, resulting in illicit sales and transfers of users’ NFTs.

Businesses should establish comprehensive security measures, such as two-factor authentication, strong password regulations, and frequent security audits, to safeguard their platforms from fraud and unwanted access.

Protection of Platform Security and User Privacy

The security of your NFT platform is critical, as is protecting your users’ privacy. To protect against hackers, data breaches, and other criminal acts, strong cybersecurity measures should be put in place.

Topps, a famous trading card platform, suffered a data breach in 2020, revealing the personal information of thousands of customers.

To protect customer data and keep their trust, businesses should invest in strong cybersecurity measures such as encryption and secure server infrastructure.

Building Your Own NFT Platform: A Step-by-Step Guide

The road to building your own NFT platform may be both exhilarating and intimidating. But don’t worry! We’ve created a step-by-step guide to assist you to get through the procedure. And remember, if things start to get out of hand, you can always team up with industry experts to get the task done quickly.

Establish your niche and target audience

Begin by determining your NFT platform’s specialized niche and target audience. Are you primarily interested in digital art, virtual real estate, or game assets? Knowing your specialty will allow you to modify the features and functionality of your platform to match the needs of your audience.

NBA Top Shot, a prominent NFT platform, for example, focuses solely on NBA-licensed digital artifacts, appealing to basketball aficionados and collectors.

Selecting the Best Blockchain

Choose the best blockchain platform for your NFT platform, taking into account elements such as transaction fees, energy efficiency, and community support.

Ethereum is now the most popular option, although competitors such as Binance Smart Chain, Flow, and Tezos are gaining popularity. For example, CryptoKitties, which was originally created on Ethereum, decided to migrate to the flow blockchain to address scalability concerns.

Create the Technical Backbone for the Platform

Create the architecture of your NFT platform, including smart contracts, user interfaces, and backend services. If you aren’t an expert in this field, consider collaborating with a development team that has experience implementing blockchain-based applications.

For example, the successful NFT marketplace OpenSea employed a talented development team to build a user-friendly platform that supports a diverse variety of digital goods.

Implement security and privacy safeguards for users

Make sure your platform has strong cybersecurity safeguards in place, such as encryption, secure server infrastructure, and frequent security assessments. Also, be open about your data collection techniques and follow privacy laws.

Rarible, another well-known NFT platform, prioritizes security and user privacy, establishing stringent verification methods and conforming to the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Create a unified user experience

To make your platform accessible and user-friendly, focus on creating an intuitive user interface and a smooth onboarding experience.

Check out NFT platforms like Foundation for ideas which has a modern, minimalistic design and an easy-to-use interface that appeals to both makers and collectors.

Market and promote your platform

Once your platform is operational, it is time to spread the word. Create a marketing strategy that incorporates content marketing, social media promotion, and collaborations with industry influencers or artists.

SuperRare, a major digital art NFT platform, has effectively built a significant user base and attracted attention to its site by using partnerships with well-known artists and social media campaigns.

Managing Your NFT Platform: A Strategy for Long-Term Success

Once your NFT platform is up and operating, it is critical to focus on good management to ensure its long-term success. Here are some critical considerations for managing your NFT marketplace:

Improve the user experience on an ongoing basis

Collect input from your users on a regular basis to find areas for improvement in the platform’s interface, features, and functionality. Update and improve your marketplace to maintain it user-friendly and competitive.

Zora, for example, has continually iterated on its platform design in response to user input, making it more intuitive and visually appealing.

Encourage a thriving community

Engage your users and create a vibrant community around your platform. Encourage connection with your platform’s creators and collectors by hosting forums, social media, and events.

Consider how Axie Infinity has created a healthy community by conducting tournaments, establishing a Discord server for player engagement, and giving resources for gamers to learn and grow inside their ecosystem.

Create a strong moderating mechanism

Implement a strong moderation mechanism to keep your platform a safe and welcoming place for all users. Monitor content, enforce platform rules, and resolve any disagreements or issues that emerge.

Mintable, for example, has created a robust creator verification process, ensuring that only confirmed individuals can mint and sell NFTs, reducing the danger of fraud and copyright breaches.

Keep up with the newest industry trends and breakthroughs

Keep up to date on the newest advancements in the NFT and blockchain industry, and change your platform to accommodate new technologies and trends.

For example, Efinity by Enjin has embraced the ecologically friendly Polkadot blockchain, giving consumers additional options and flexibility while addressing the NFT industry’s growing worries about energy usage and sustainability.

Create strategic alliances and collaborations

Collaborate with artists, companies, and other industry stakeholders to boost the visibility and credibility of your platform. These collaborations can assist you in reaching new user groups and expanding your platform’s services.

VeVe, for example, has worked effectively with brands such as Marvel, DC Comics, and Cartoon Network to create distinctive digital treasures that appeal to a wide range of fans and collectors.

Optimize and scale the infrastructure of your platform

As your user base expands, ensure that the infrastructure of your platform can handle the increasing traffic and demand. Optimize your platform’s performance, security, and scalability on a regular basis to ensure a consistent user experience.

Sorare, for example, has consistently invested in its platform infrastructure to meet the increasing demand for its soccer-themed digital collectibles while also ensuring a good user experience.

Monetization Strategies for Your NFT Platform: Turning Creativity into Cash

Creating a successful NFT marketplace requires not only a fantastic user experience and a vibrant community but also a sustainable revenue model. Here are some monetization strategies to consider for your NFT marketplace:

Transaction fees

Charge a percentage fee on every transaction that occurs on your platform, including sales, bids, and transfers. This is a common strategy used by marketplaces like OpenSea, which typically charges around 2.5% on every sale made on the platform.

Listing fees

Charge creators a fee to list their NFTs on your platform. This can be a flat fee or a percentage of the NFT’s value. This approach can help cover the operational costs associated with maintaining the platform and curating content.

Premium features and memberships

Offer premium features and memberships to users for a fee. These premium services could include enhanced visibility, priority support, or exclusive access to special events or content. For example, SuperRare offers “Rare Spaces,” which are exclusive galleries for premium members to showcase their NFT collections.

Advertising and sponsored content

Allow brands, artists, or other stakeholders to pay for advertising or sponsored content placements within your platform. This can take the form of banner ads, sponsored collections, or promoted NFT listings.

Partner with established brands

Collaborates with well-known brands to create exclusive, officially-licensed NFTs that can be sold on your platform. The partnership can be monetized through revenue sharing or licensing fees.

Ancillary services

Offer additional services related to NFTs, such as art advisory, NFT valuation, or bespoke NFT creation for a fee. These services can cater to both creators and collectors, providing them with expert guidance and tailored solutions in the NFT ecosystem.

NFT Marketing and Promotion Strategies to Increase Market Visibility

To attract producers and collectors to your NFT marketplace, you must have a robust marketing and promotion strategy in place. Here are some successful techniques to increase your platform’s visibility and user base:

Leverage social media

Creating a strong presence on popular social media platforms such as Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, and LinkedIn to reach a larger audience. Share interesting news, highlight prominent artists and their work, and generate excitement about future events and releases.

Collaborate with influencers

Partner with NFT and blockchain influencers to market your platform. These influencers can share their marketplace experiences, promote their NFT collections, or even develop unique content for your platform, thereby attracting their following to your marketplace.

Organize virtual events and webinars

Organize virtual events, webinars, or panel discussions to engage your target audience and highlight your platform’s unique features. Invite industry experts, artists, and collectors to offer their knowledge and experiences, establishing a feeling of community and trust in your marketplace.

Use content marketing

Create high-quality, instructive content like blog pieces, how-to guides, and case studies to educate potential users about your platform and the NFT space in general. This can assist in establishing your platform as a reliable source of knowledge and increase organic traffic via search engine optimization (SEO).

Utilize public relations

Reach out to media outlets, journalists, and industry magazines to convey your platform’s story, introduce new features or partnerships, and highlight success stories. This might help develop buzz and legitimacy for your platform.

Form strategic alliances

To boost the visibility and legitimacy of your platform, develop strategic collaborations with artists, companies, and other industry stakeholders. These collaborations can help you reach new user groups and improve your platform’s services, attracting additional users in the process.

Provide incentives and rewards

Create incentives for people to join your platforms, such as referral programs, fee savings, or access to special content. These incentives can assist in attracting new users and encourage existing users to invite their network, thereby organically boosting your user base.

Participate in industry events and conferences

Attend and participate in industry events, conferences, and meetups to network with possible partners, creators, and collectors. This can help you stay up to date on the newest trends, demonstrate your platform’s advantages, and attract new users.

Lessons from Competitor Platforms: Learning from the Experts

The world of NFT marketplaces is flourishing, with platforms like OpenSea, Rarible, and SuperRare leading the way. To build a successful NFT platform, it’s critical to learn from these industry titans and understand the techniques that have propelled their success. Here’s an in-depth look at their methods.

User-friendly interfaces

A consistent user experience is critical for attracting and retaining consumers. In order for users to effortlessly traverse the platform, access content, and execute transactions, successful NFT platforms require intuitive design.

Efficient customer service

Effective customer service contributes to the development of trust and loyalty. Top NFT platforms respond swiftly and helpfully, addressing user concerns and fixing issues.

Strong Community

Fostering a thriving community around the platform stimulates user participation, collaboration, and content development. Leading NFT platforms regularly engage with its members via social media, forums, and events, fostering a sense of community and support.

Strong security measures

In the age of digital assets, security is critical. To safeguard user data, transactions, and digital assets from fraud and cyber threats, successful platforms use strict security measures.

Strategic alliances

Forming alliances with well-known artists, companies, and industry players can increase a platform’s visibility and reputation. These partnerships assist in attracting new users while also providing exclusive, high-quality material.

Unique selling elements and innovative features

Successful platforms offer distinctive features and selling aspects to stand out in the congested NFT marketplace landscape, such as:

  • Cross-chain compatibility and support for many blockchain networks are features of OpenSea.
  • The decentralized nature of Rarible and the RARI governance token
  • The emphasis on high-quality, curated digital art at SuperRare

The Future of NFTs and Digital Marketplaces: A Brave New World

As the NFT ecosystem evolves and expands, staying ahead of the curve and anticipating future advancements that will affect the sector is critical. The following are some major trends and predictions for the future of NFTs and digital marketplaces:

Future NFT trends and advancements include:

  • Incorporating NFTs into virtual and augmented reality experiences: The metaverse, virtual worlds, and augmented reality experiences are expected to become more integrated with NFTs, allowing users to own, trade, and showcase their digital assets in immersive environments.
  • The rise of non-traditional financial instruments: Tokenized real estate, stocks, and other financial assets will expand the scope of decentralized finance (DeFi) and wealth management.
  • The growing significance of NFTs in the gaming industry: NFTs are being integrated into game development ecosystems to create unique and tradable in-game assets, increasing the gaming experience and generating new revenue streams.

Earn Passive Income through DeFi: DeFi Lending: How to Earn Passive Income With Crypto

The possibility of widespread adoption

Several causes could push NFTs into the mainstream:

  • Platforms and interfaces that are easier to use: Simplifying the user experience will lower the barrier to entry and encourage more people to learn about NFTs.
  • Increased public awareness and understanding: As the general public becomes more familiar with NFTs, they will be more inclined to adopt this new form of digital ownership and trade.
  • NFT incorporation into popular social media platforms and apps: NFT adoption can be accelerated via seamless integration with platforms that users already use on a regular basis.

The Impact of NFTs on the Future of Digital Commerce

NFTs will play an important role in the future of digital commerce by:

  • Allowing creators to directly commercialize their digital assets: NFTs enable artists, designers, and other creators to sell their work without the use of intermediaries, resulting in a more equitable revenue model.
  • Democratizing access to one-of-a-kind and rare collectibles: NFTs enable anyone all over the world to buy, sell, and exchange valuable digital assets, erasing geographical and financial obstacles.
  • NFTs enable the secure transfer of digital assets across many platforms, making digital ownership more tangible and verifiable.
  • NFTs can assist streamline the process of awarding licenses and managing IP rights, opening up new options for creators and enterprises.

Keep Reading: Clutch Recognizes OnGraph Technologies Among India’s Top Blockchain Developers for 2022

Collaborate With OnGraph to Build Custom NFT Platforms

The realm of NFTs and digital marketplaces is both intriguing and promising. As we’ve seen throughout this blog, there are several ways for enterprises to enter this dynamic market by developing their own NFT platforms.

Businesses can navigate this new world by learning from successful platforms. Staying up-to-date with the latest industry trends is crucial. It’s also important to address obstacles and concerns when developing an NFT marketplace.

Creating a viable NFT platform, on the other hand, maybe a hard task. But, you can collaborate with industry pros and make all the difference. At OnGraph, our team of professionals is committed to assisting you in realizing your NFT marketplace vision.

We’ll collaborate to create a user-friendly, secure, and innovative platform. Our expertise in blockchain and digital assets will help you stand out in the NFT landscape. Contact us to join us on this exciting adventure and realize the full potential of NFTs for your organization.

Ethical AI: Discussing AI Frameworks, Privacy, and Regulations

Hinton AI News

Understanding the decisions of artificial intelligence systems gets more exciting and difficult as they become more sophisticated. While the capability of AI is interesting, critical issues like prejudice, fairness, ethical AI, and the need for transparency in AI systems must be addressed.

The machine learning models that power these systems learn from the data sent to them. However, biased data can result in unfair results. As we strive for fairness in society, guaranteeing fairness in artificial intelligence is an increasing global problem.

Ethical AI aspires to not only avoid biased outcomes but also to assure openness and responsibility. This entails making AI judgments human-comprehensible and aligning them with our moral norms.
We encourage you to join us as we explore deeper into these difficulties and prospects for responsible AI system design.

Top 5 AI Ethical Concerns

The chorus of voices urging ethical and responsible AI development grows louder as we enter the fast-paced realm of artificial intelligence. Geoffrey Hinton, a field luminary, brings to light serious issues that deserve careful examination.

By investigating these concerns, we can have a better understanding of how the rapid growth of AI may influence humans, ranging from our day-to-day interactions.

Machines that Outperform Human Intelligence

Hinton believes that AI systems, such as the massive language model GPT-4, will soon outperform human intelligence. The ability of these robots to learn and adapt is accelerating considerably faster than that of humans, presenting critical considerations concerning our interactions with such advanced systems.

This fear extends beyond AI understanding and processing information faster than humans to the possibility of their having superior learning algorithms that make them highly flexible and capable.

Pursue the continued reading: Building Powerful AI Apps with OpenAI, Streamlit, and LangChain

AI Chatbot Risks Being Exploited by Bad Actors

The power of AI chatbots is not without risk. As Hinton points out, hostile parties, or “bad actors,” might use these advanced systems to propagate misinformation, manipulate electorates, and construct formidable spambots.
This possible misuse of AI technology might have serious consequences for communities around the world in an era when information is a valued currency.

Few-Shot Learning Capabilities

The ability of AI models to learn new tasks with only a few examples, known as few-shot learning, could allow machines to learn at the same or even faster rate than humans. While this is a tremendous scientific feat, it also brings with it a new set of ethical concerns.

For example, because these AI models adapt and acquire new tasks so quickly, they may become impossible to govern, bringing unknown threats.

Keep Reading: Transfer Learning and Few-Shot Learning: Overcoming Data Scarcity in AI Model Training

Existential Risk Posed by AI Systems

As AI systems become more sophisticated than humans, existential threats arise. Hinton warns of scenarios in which AI systems establish their own subgoals and strive for greater power, potentially leading to a situation in which robots dictate terms to humans rather than the other way around.

A subgoal could range from an AI attempting to use more energy to a system attempting to clone itself—actions with potentially disastrous results.

The Effect on Job Markets

The influence of AI and automation on employment markets is a major worry. While AI has the potential to automate monotonous tasks, it may also displace jobs, generating huge upheavals in industries such as manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare. Robots and AI-powered devices could take over human roles in production.

Similarly, advances in agricultural technology could replace tasks such as planting, harvesting, and crop monitoring. While AI may be able to automate certain administrative activities in healthcare, human professions requiring compassion and engagement are less likely to be totally replaced by AI, but the potential shift is still significant.

Unveil what’s next: Leverage the Power of Conversational AI to Augment Business

Looking Ahead

Finally, as we watch the colossal rise and promise of AI, it becomes critical to recognize and confront these ethical concerns. The path forward is to steer progress properly and ethically, rather than to prevent it.
It is critical to engage in discourse and create frameworks that assure transparency, accountability, and human well-being.

Consider working with OnGraph if you want to go on an AI adventure with an ethical and responsible partner. We are devoted to developing AI solutions that not only benefit your business but also benefit society as a whole.

OnGraph guarantees AI that respects privacy maintains openness, and places humans at the center of its development. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you ethically harness the potential of AI.

Building Powerful AI Apps with OpenAI, Streamlit, and LangChain

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OpenAI and Streamlit are two more key players in the development of advanced AI applications.

OpenAI, the inventor of ground-breaking language models such as GPT-3, has been instrumental in pushing the limits of what AI can accomplish.

Streamlit, on the other hand, provides a quick and easy approach to creating custom web apps for machine learning and data science.

In conjunction with LangChain, these tools pave the path for the construction of advanced and powerful AI apps. LangChain is the foundation, giving the framework and ‘rapid plumbing’ required for sophisticated LLM operations.

OpenAI delivers the strength of its cutting-edge language models, while Streamlit enables simple, efficient web application deployment. This trinity of technologies constitutes a formidable armory for AI developers seeking to create superior, domain-specific apps.

About OpenAI, Streamlit, and LangChain

OpenAI is an AI research organization dedicated to ensuring that artificial general intelligence (AGI) benefits humanity as a whole. The GPT series of language models is one of its most noteworthy creations.

These large language models (LLMs) have many uses and may generate human-like prose in response to an input prompt. However, offering nuanced, professional replies to issues requiring significant domain expertise can be difficult for these LLMs.

LangChain enhances LLMs’ capabilities by making them more customizable and domain-specific. It employs “prompt plumbing,” a technique that involves breaking down a massive text corpus into manageable summaries, embedding them in a vector space, and retrieving similar portions when a question is asked. This dramatically improves LLM functionality.

Furthermore, LangChain is based on the concept of “chains,” allowing the connection of numerous components for complicated LLM usage. Prompt Templates, Models (LLMs), Agents, and Memory Modules are a part of these chains.

LangChain enables developers to design cohesive apps capable of accomplishing complex tasks by chaining components.

Streamlit is the technology to turn these data scripts into shareable web apps once an AI application is constructed utilizing LangChain and OpenAI’s models. It is a user-friendly Python framework that enables developers to quickly and simply transform machine learning models and data analysis into interactive web apps.

It can act as an interface layer, allowing end users to interact with advanced AI applications built with LangChain and OpenAI models.

The combination of OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit has the potential to be a strong trinity. OpenAI offers the basic AI models, LangChain extends and customizes them, and Streamlit turns these upgraded models into interactive online applications.

This collaboration can dramatically expedite the development of complex AI applications and revolutionize the AI environment.

Crafting a Powerful AI App with LangChain, OpenAI, and Streamlit: Step-by-Step Guide

If you’ve ever wondered how you could use LangChain, OpenAI, and Streamlit to build your intelligent online application, you’ve come to the right spot!

In this post, we’ll walk you through the building of a LangChain-enhanced Streamlit app, explaining how to use OpenAI’s GPT-3 model along the way.

Before we begin, make sure your system has the necessary dependencies installed:

installing dependencies

Streamlit is an excellent tool for developing data science web apps, LangChain provides a framework for working with Large Language Models (LLMs), and OpenAI provides access to the ground-breaking GPT-3 language model.

Kickstarting the Web App

Adding Libraries

Start by importing the required packages. Notably, we’re importing three classes from the LangChain package:

importing libraries

We require all: LLMChain, SimpleSequentialChain, and PromptTemplate for running our language model chains.

Configuring the App

Set the title and other essential information for your app using the Streamlit syntax.

configuring AI app

Creating Widgets for User Interaction

Your app must interact with users. For example, allowing them to access the language model by entering their OpenAI API key. We also provide a text input widget where people can enter their questions.

widget creation of user interaction

Unleashing the Power of Chains

With the press of a button, we’ll feed the query through numerous SimpleSequentialChain pipelines to generate a well-thought-out response to our user’s question.

The concept here is that the output of one chain becomes the input for the next, resulting in a series of operations that provides our final response. We have four different chains in the works, each with a specific purpose:

  • Question Chain: Takes a user’s query as input and outputs it.
  • Assumptions Chain: Uses the Question Chain to construct assumptions based on the statement.
  • Fact-checking Chain: Verifies the assumptions.
  • Answer Chain: Provides the ultimate solution based on the facts and assumptions validated in the preceding chains.

code example for creating chain in langchain

And there you have it! By building a fact-checking app with LangChain, OpenAI, and Streamlit, you’ve entered the world of AI-powered web applications. However, this is only scraping the surface of the enormous possibilities offered by these robust instruments.

Though exciting, building web apps with AI can be difficult at times, and certain features may appear oppressive. If you ever find yourself in such a position or wish to design more complicated apps, keep in mind that expert assistance is only a click away.

Leveraging OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit for Industry-specific Applications

OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit can be combined to create highly specialized applications in a variety of sectors. Here are a couple of such examples:


AI applications in healthcare can deliver individualized patient care, automate appointment scheduling, and even offer medical advice based on symptoms. OpenAI’s nuanced language understanding, combined with LangChain’s customizability and Streamlit’s user-friendly interface, may power interactive health portals.

An AI chatbot, for example, can triage patients, leading them to the proper level of care depending on their symptoms, decreasing the strain on medical workers.


E-commerce AI can fuel recommendation engines, and customer care chatbots, and potentially automate key elements of the e-commerce supply chain.

An intelligent chatbot can be created using OpenAI and LangChain to aid customers in product selection, answer their questions, and even handle returns and complaints.

Streamlit can then turn this into an interactive web app that interfaces smoothly with the e-commerce platform, resulting in a better user experience.


The combination of OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit has the potential to transform online learning. Because of the customization capabilities of LangChain, GPT-3 can be used to create an AI-enhanced tutor capable of addressing students’ inquiries 24/7 in an accurate and contextually relevant manner.

This AI tutor, offered by Streamlit as a user-friendly online tool, provides personalized learning support, improving the educational experience and freeing up human educators to focus on more sophisticated teaching activities


AI applications in finance can range from investing in robo-advisors to chatbots for customer service and even fraud detection systems. These applications can understand complex financial language and give accurate, useful information to consumers because of the capability of GPT-3.

LangChain can further tailor these responses to reflect the company’s policies and tone of voice, and Streamlit makes it simple to deploy these models.

These are only a few examples. The possible applications are essentially infinite and cover almost every industry.
Businesses with the proper knowledge and vision may use the power of OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit to innovate, improve customer experience, and gain a competitive advantage in their industry.

Transform Your Business with AI Solutions From OnGraph

In the ever-changing world of artificial intelligence, it’s evident that a combination of OpenAI, LangChain, and Streamlit has immense potential. This combination could transform the way we create and engage with AI applications.

These three technologies combined create a powerful tool for developers. They can use it to develop domain-specific apps and powerful AI apps. These apps can serve various purposes from customer service to online education.

It’s an exciting time to be in the AI area, with enormous opportunities for growth and innovation. The combination of advanced AI models is revolutionary. Added to this are frameworks for managing these models. Lastly, methods for deploying the models as interactive web apps play a key role. Together, these elements define the future of AI application development.

We are here to support you if you’re ready to explore these technologies. OnGraph has a team of professionals ready to assist. They can guide you through the complexity of AI application development. Furthermore, they can help you realize the full potential of these game-changing technologies.

To get started, contact us today.

DevOps in the Spotlight: Industry News and Emerging Trends

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Hello and welcome to our most recent news roundup, in which we look into the ever-changing world of DevOps. In this interesting voyage, we will investigate the convergence of Network Function Virtualization and the DevOps pipeline within the context of cloud computing.

Then, we’ll explore the fascinating landscapes of Generative AI and how it’s transforming DevOps and IT operations this year. There’s something for everyone, whether you’re a DevOps professional, an IT enthusiast, or simply inquisitive about the future of technology.

So let’s dive in, shall we?

Cloud Computing: Integrating Network Function Virtualization with the DevOps Pipeline

We must emphasize the need for smooth and effective technology integration as we march toward the digital future. This is especially true when it comes to combining Network Function Virtualization (NFV) with DevOps processes in the context of cloud computing.

The cloud computing revolution has altered how we see and interact with the digital world. We no longer need to be concerned about the complexities of server deployment or application hosting. With reliable infrastructure providers such as Amazon EC2, Google Cloud Platform, and Microsoft Azure, one’s service can be up and running quickly and easily.

Applications are growing increasingly sophisticated in this era of unrelenting technological innovation, increasing in demand for computational power and storage capacities. Enter the cloud computing phenomenon.

Cloud-based services provide the dependability, robustness, and scalability required for modern applications, so it’s no surprise that businesses are increasingly turning to cloud services to meet their requirements.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS) are the three major service models in cloud computing.

Each model has distinct advantages, with IaaS offering resources like as computing, networking, and storage, PaaS supporting program running, and SaaS permitting application use in a cloud environment.

The open-source community, a beacon of collaborative creativity, is driving cloud computing progress.

Open-source cloud computing initiatives such as OpenStack, CloudStack, and OpenNebula are making their mark on this exciting path, boasting no vendor lock-in and aiming for seamless interaction across varied platforms.

OpenStack: Orchestrating the Future of Cloud Computing with NFV and DevOps

OpenStack stands out among these trailblazers. Consider OpenStack to be the conductor of the cloud symphony, lauded for its scalability, openness, and uniquely active ecosystem.

OpenStack’s creativity rests in its modular architecture, which provides a wide range of services ranging from computing, storage, and networking to orchestration, workload provisioning, and application life cycle management.

OpenStack was designed with the future in mind, and it acts as a trusted companion for administrators and researchers, facilitating the implementation of IaaS infrastructure.

At the same time, it provides customers with the tools and services they need to manage virtual machines that are superimposed on current resources. OpenStack, a tapestry of components, weaves a cohesive ecosystem that is not only trustworthy but also effective for IaaS.

When we step back and look at the big picture, the integration of Network Function Virtualization (NFV) with DevOps pipelines in the cloud computing landscape is an exciting proposition. The convergence of these technologies has opened up new horizons of possibilities and efficiencies, making it an exciting time to be alive.

The quest for digital greatness has never been more compelling. We are on the verge of astounding breakthroughs as we embrace the revolutionary power of the cloud, NFV, and DevOps.

Let us keep our eyes on the horizon since the future of technology promises to be an interesting adventure!

Check this read: Why an Investment in DevOps is Worth it?

Generative AI Use Cases for DevOps and IT in 2023

The immense processing power available to us, combined with ever-increasing troves of raw data, has accelerated the area of artificial intelligence. Generative AI models, which can synthesize data to create new content, have gotten a lot of attention recently.

These technologies aren’t only for the creative arts; they can greatly improve DevOps and IT workflows.
Despite its enormous potential, enterprises must assess the dangers and limitations of generative AI before fully adopting its powers.

Exploring Generative AI in DevOps

Platforms like ChatGPT, which are well-known for their text creation capabilities, can also generate software code, which has the potential to change different stages of the DevOps lifecycle.

  1. Code Generation: Generative AI taught on code samples can internalize a wide range of programming approaches to help with software development. This might include anything from recommending line or block code completion to creating whole programs based on detailed user requests.
  2. Test Generation: Given its capacity for data synthesis and text generation, generative AI is an appropriate tool for developing data and test cases for software testing. Such systems can run tests, provide results, and potentially identify flaws, making remedial recommendations depending on the results.
  3. Bug Removal: Generative AI models may look for problems in code, both human and AI-generated, and recommend remedies. This can improve software quality by decreasing errors and ensuring coding standards are followed.
  4. Automated Deployment: If the code passes testing, DevOps teams can use generative AI to automate its deployment as part of a workflow or process automation. These technologies can help improve workload placement and link instrumentation for workload monitoring and KPI data collection.

Read More: The Era of Generative AI: ChatGPT vs Bard

The Other Side of the Coin: Generative AI’s Drawbacks

Despite its promise, generative AI poses hurdles that may dissuade many businesses.

  • Significant Investments

Generative AI models require massive volumes of training data. They need significant initial and continuous investments in model training, retraining, and refining.

  • Limited AI Knowledge

AI systems can only learn what they have been taught. They can struggle to adapt quickly to rapid changes in the IT environment or respond to unforeseen scenarios.

  • Inaccuracy Issues

A generative AI system cannot judge the quality of its training material. It also cannot judge the appropriateness of its responses in context. Hence, there may be performance, security, and ethical concerns.

  • Probable Copyright Issues

Generative AI models are trained using massive data sets. Determining the extent to which model output is based on copyrighted or otherwise protected intellectual property can be difficult.

As we have seen, generative AI is a two-edged sword. It can transform DevOps and IT workflows, but enterprises must also evaluate the dangers and constraints. A careful, balanced approach, as with any technological advancement, is essential.

Looking Forward

As we near the end of this news roundup, it’s clear that the world of DevOps is constantly changing. With significant advances in cloud computing and generative AI, we are poised to reshape the landscape in ways we’re only just beginning to comprehend.

But, as we traverse this brave new world, keep in mind that you are not alone.

We have a team of industry professionals and an in-house DevOps team at OnGraph who are on the cutting edge of these advances.

Our experts can walk you through the process of integrating Network Function Virtualization with the DevOps pipeline and using the power of Generative AI for your organization.

The future is here, and it is enthralling. We welcome you to join us on this journey to ensure you stay ahead of the curve.

With OnGraph, you can embrace the future of DevOps, where innovation meets expertise. Contact us immediately and let’s begin constructing the future together.

The AI Digest: OpenAI’s Vision, Warnings, and Regulatory Appeals

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As we navigate the fascinating labyrinth of the digital era, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) continue to influence our environment in subtle and significant ways. This week, the convergence of AI, ethics, and politics was front and center, with critical insights provided by none other than Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI.

His ringing pleas for regulation and his serious concerns about artificial intelligence’s potential misuse in electoral processes echo the drumbeat of AI’s evolution.

Let’s take a look at some of the fascinating breakthroughs that are altering the boundaries of technology, governance, and democracy.

Altman’s Appeal: Driving the Need for AI Governance in the US

sam atlman

The rapidly expanding subject of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a source of interest, innovation, and, at times, deep anxiety. Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, the group behind the breakthrough chatbot ChatGPT, is at the vanguard of this digital frontier. Altman, who is emerging as a significant advocate for AI legislation, has petitioned the United States government for broad oversight of this breakthrough technology.

Altman testified before a U.S. Senate committee on Tuesday, shedding light on the tremendous promise and underlying challenges that AI brings to the table. With a flood of artificial intelligence models hitting the market, he emphasized the necessity for a specific agency to license and oversee AI businesses, ensuring that the profound power of AI is handled responsibly.

ChatGPT, like its AI contemporaries, has exhibited the ability to generate human-like responses. However, as Altman pointed out, these methods can produce radically false results. Altman, 38, has become a de facto spokesman for this nascent business as an outspoken proponent for AI legislation, bravely addressing the ethical quandaries that artificial intelligence poses.

Gain Deeper Insights: How Machine Learning is Reimagining User Experience

Altman acknowledged AI’s potential economic and societal consequences by drawing parallels with breakthrough technologies such as the printing press. He openly highlighted the danger of AI-induced job losses as well as the potential for artificial intelligence to be used to spread misinformation, particularly during elections.

In response, legislators on both sides of the aisle emphasized the need for new legislation, particularly legislation that would make it easier for citizens to sue AI corporations like OpenAI. Altman’s request for an impartial examination of companies like OpenAI was also notable.

Senators reacted in a variety of ways to the testimonies. Republican Senator Josh Hawley acknowledged AI’s potential to transform numerous industries, but drew a sharp parallel between AI and the advent of the “atomic bomb.” Meanwhile, Democratic Senator Richard Blumenthal has warned against an unregulated AI future.

Altman’s testimony emphasized the critical need for AI governance, which looked to have bipartisan support. Despite the agreement, there was a common concern: can a regulatory agency be able to keep up with the growing pace of AI technology? This critical question serves as a stark reminder of the enormous obstacles that AI regulation entails.

AI and Democracy: OpenAI Chief’s Warning on Election Security

ai and democracy

The spread of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is undeniable. While rapid improvements have brought several benefits, they have also generated severe challenges. One such issue, expressed by Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, the firm behind the advanced chatbot ChatGPT, is the possible exploitation of AI to undermine election integrity.

Altman’s warning emerges against the backdrop of a frenetic rush among corporations to deploy increasingly powerful AI in the market, fuelled by massive volumes of data and billions of money. Critics are concerned that this would increase societal concerns such as bias, disinformation, and even existential threats to humanity.

Senator Cory Booker expressed similar comments, recognizing the global expansion of AI technology. The task of regulating the genie’ is definitely onerous. Senator Mazie Hirono warned of the dangers of artificial intelligence-enabled misinformation as the 2024 election approaches, citing a popular, manufactured image of former President Trump’s arrest. In response, Altman stressed the need for content providers to clarify the nature of AI-generated photography.

Altman offered a general framework for regulating AI models in his first presentation to Congress, including licensing and testing standards for their development. He advocated a “great threshold” for licensing, especially for models capable of altering or convincing a person’s opinions.

Continue Reading: Neural Networks: The Driving Force Behind Modern AI Revolution

Altman’s testimony also addressed data consumption in artificial intelligence training, arguing for businesses’ ability to decline data usage. He did, however, admit that publicly available web content may be used for AI training. Altman also stated a willingness to include advertising but preferred a subscription-based model.

The debate over AI legislation is heating up, with the White House gathering top tech executives, including Altman, to discuss the matter. Regardless of one’s point of view, everyone agrees on the importance of weighing the benefits of AI against the risks of misapplication. An OpenAI staffer has proposed the creation of a U.S. licensing body for AI, informally dubbed the Office for AI Safety and Infrastructure Security (OASIS).

Altman, who is backed by Microsoft Corp, calls for worldwide AI collaboration and incentives for safety compliance. Concurrently, some business voices, such as Christina Montgomery, International Business Machines Corp’s chief privacy and trust officer, have encouraged Congress to focus regulation on areas where AI has the greatest potential for societal harm.

What’s Next?

As the narrative of artificial intelligence unfolds, the industry finds itself at a fork in the road. The testimony of OpenAI’s CEO, Sam Altman, this week has emphasized the need for comprehensive AI legislation and vigilance against potential exploitation.

We are only beginning the journey toward AI regulation, which will necessitate ongoing discussions, global collaboration, and strategic foresight. As we traverse this complex and unpredictable landscape, we must emphasize the importance of recognizing and addressing these problems.

To that end, we at OnGraph urge all of our readers to keep informed and actively participate in this debate. If you have any questions or want to learn more about the implications of AI for your organization, please contact us for a free AI consultation. Let us work together to build the future of artificial intelligence in a responsible and beneficial manner.

DeFi Lending: How to Earn Passive Income with Crypto


Are you bored of watching your digital assets gather dust, doing nothing to help you pad your wallet? Fear not, for the beautiful world of DeFi lending is here to assist you in putting your crypto to work and earning some delicious, sweet passive income!

DeFi lending is a decentralized and trustless way to lend your cryptocurrency to other users as you relax and enjoy your beverage. And, as of September 2021, there was over $90 billion in crypto asset locked up in DeFi lending mechanisms, indicating that this is not a fleeting trend.

But why has DeFi grown so popular? It’s all owing to blockchain technology, which enables transparent, secure, and automated transactions via smart contracts. You may lend, borrow, trade, and stake your cryptocurrency with DeFi dApps without dealing with any annoying intermediaries or centralized organizations. Not to mention the sweet, sweet prizes that may be earned by engaging in the DeFi ecosystem.

So, if you’re looking to spice things up and earn some serious crypto cash, buckle up and join the DeFi revolution!

Unraveling DeFi, Blockchain, and the Evolution of Decentralized Money

Features of DeFi

DeFi or Decentralized Finance proposes a paradigm shift in the financial sector by establishing an open, transparent, and accessible financial environment.

This novel concept uses blockchain technology to bypass traditional intermediaries like banks and financial organizations, giving individuals complete control over their assets and transactions.

DeFi comprises numerous financial services like lending, borrowing, trading, and investing, all developed on decentralized platforms. The usage of smart contracts – self-executing agreements with terms incorporated in the code – is the foundation of DeFi, allowing for frictionless and safe transactions between parties.

DeFi offers a more inclusive and democratized approach to finance by eliminating the need for intermediaries and embracing decentralization, benefiting users worldwide.

Another distinguishing feature of DeFi is liquidity pools that enable users to contribute their assets to a common pool and receive passive income through interest or fees. This mechanism encourages participation and assures that decentralized platforms have enough liquidity to conduct seamless and efficient transactions.

As DeFi evolves, it is becoming a more appealing alternative to established financial institutions, promising a brighter and more egalitarian financial future.

The Role of Blockchain Technology in DeFi

Let’s take a moment to admire DeFi’s backbone: blockchain technology, primarily Ethereum. You may be wondering what makes blockchain unique and why it is so important to DeFi’s success.

Blockchain, on the other hand, is a distributed, decentralized, and secure digital ledger that records transactions in blocks. It enables the development of trustless, transparent, and tamper-proof systems – exactly what DeFi needs!

The true strength of Ethereum blockchain technology is its ability to enable the development of decentralized applications (dApps) that run on its network. DeFi services such as lending, borrowing, trading, and investing are now feasible without the requirement for a central authority.

It also allows for the production of decentralized digital assets such as cryptocurrencies and tokens, which feed the expansion of DeFi.

The Origin of DeFi

DeFi can be traced back to the birth of Bitcoin in 2008. Although Bitcoin is not a DeFi application in and of itself, it does lay the groundwork for decentralized financial services by showcasing the possibilities of a decentralized, peer-to-peer payment system.

However, the ultimate birth of DeFi occurred with the launch of Ethereum in 2015. DeFi’s development and expansion were aided by Ethereum’s release of smart contracts and the ability to construct decentralized apps (dApps) on its platform.

Expand Your Knowledge: Ethereum Starter Kit: Smart Contract Development For Beginners

Charting DeFi’s Development: Key Milestones

DeFi has seen important achievements that have brought it to the forefront of the financial world in its relatively short history. Among the major landmarks are:

  • MakerDAO is the first decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) to create the stablecoin DAI, which is pegged to the US dollar. This was the start of DeFi’s venture into lending and borrowing.
  • Uniswap’s launch (2018): Uniswap, a decentralized exchange (DEX), transformed the way users trade cryptocurrencies by utilizing liquidity pools rather than traditional order books, resulting in a more efficient and decentralized trading experience.
  • DeFi saw significant growth in 2020, with total value locked (TVL) on DeFi platforms jumping from over $1 billion at the start of the year to more than $14 billion by the end of 2020.
  • Mainstream adoption: The success of DeFi has piqued the interest of major financial institutions, with many investigating the feasibility of incorporating DeFi solutions into their services.

Is DeFi crypto’s version of a stock exchange?

While there are similarities between DeFi and stock exchanges, they are not the same.

DeFi is a broader idea that includes a variety of financial services, such as decentralized trading platforms similar to stock exchanges.

However, it goes beyond trading to include lending, borrowing, and other financial services enabled by decentralized technology. Let’s look at how they differ in the DeFi ecosystem.


The core notion of decentralization is the most significant distinction between DeFi and regular stock exchanges.

Traditional stock exchanges are centralized institutions that govern and regulate the trading activity, whereas DeFi platforms, including DEXs, run on decentralized networks such as Ethereum, allowing users to trade with one another directly.


Traditional stock exchanges rely on middlemen to enable transactions, such as brokers, clearinghouses, and custodians.

Smart contracts, on the other hand, are used by DeFi platforms to automate and secure transactions, removing the need for intermediaries and lowering associated expenses.

Inclusion and Access

Traditional stock exchanges impose access barriers like minimum investment amounts, accreditation requirements, and geographical restrictions.

However, DeFi systems are open and available to anybody with an internet connection, fostering financial inclusion and democratizing access to financial services.

Trading Hours

Traditional stock exchanges have set trading hours, whereas DeFi platforms and DEXs offer 24/7 trading, allowing users to trade whenever they want.


Because all transactions are recorded on a public blockchain, they are easily verifiable and auditable, DeFi platforms and DEXs provide greater transparency than traditional stock exchanges.

Centralized vs. Decentralized Finance (CeFi vs. DeFi)

CeFi vs. DeFi

Centralized Finance (CeFi) and Decentralized Finance (DeFi) are two separate approaches to financial services, each with its own set of benefits and drawbacks. Let’s look at their main distinctions.

Governance and Control

CeFi operates under centralized control, which means that banks, traditional finance, and financial institutions are in charge of the transactions and services they offer. These bodies are in charge of making decisions, enforcing rules, and regulating the flow of money in the system.

This centralized governance model ensures compliance with existing laws and regulations by providing a structured and regulated environment for financial services.

DeFi, on the other hand, uses blockchain technology to build decentralized platforms that give consumers more control over their assets and transactions. Smart contracts and decentralized governance models, which are often based on consensus algorithms, are used to enforce decisions and norms.

This decentralization provides greater autonomy and flexibility, but it also implies that DeFi platforms may be less regulated and prone to greater dangers.

Agents of distribution

Centralized exchange relies on intermediaries to enable transactions, such as banks, brokers, and payment processors. Account administration, payment processing, and transaction execution are just a few of the services offered by these intermediaries.

While this paradigm provides convenience and dependability, it also adds inefficiencies, greater costs, and significant delays in transaction processing.

DeFi eliminates the need for intermediaries by automating and securing transactions with smart contracts. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts with terms and conditions encoded straight into code. These contracts can automatically facilitate, verify, and enforce contract fulfillment, eliminating the need for middlemen and associated fees.

DeFi platforms can provide faster, more efficient, and less expensive financial services by eliminating intermediaries.

When compared to CeFi institutions, DeFi platforms provide more transparency. DeFi platform transactions are recorded on public blockchains, making them easily traceable and auditable. This transparency ensures that users may rely on the platform’s operations and check transaction accuracy without the need for third-party audits.

CeFi institutions, on the other hand, have private, centralized ledgers, making it harder for users to obtain insight into their activities. Furthermore, CeFi institutions are not obligated to disclose all of their operations, which can lead to inconsistency and potential conflicts of interest.


DeFi systems are open and available to interested investors with an internet connection, lowering entry barriers and boosting financial inclusion. Users can use DeFi services regardless of their location, income, or financial status, allowing underserved groups to engage in the global financial system.

CeFi services, on the other hand, have eligibility requirements and regional restrictions that can preclude potential users. To obtain CeFi services, investors may need to fulfill certain income requirements, have a certain credit score, or live in a given nation.

These entrance obstacles can impede financial inclusion while also perpetuating existing inequities in the financial system.

Safety and custody

CeFi institutions are often custodians of their users’ assets, storing and managing funds on their behalf. Because consumers do not have to handle their assets directly, this custody model can be convenient. It does, however, introduce a single point of failure, leaving CeFi institutions vulnerable to hacking, fraud, and mismanagement.

DeFi systems, on the other hand, allow users to keep control of their assets by using non-custodial wallets and smart contracts. Users are in charge of managing their private keys, which allow them to access their funds.

This non-custodial architecture decreases the possibility of centralized failures while also requiring users to assume greater responsibility for the protection of their assets.

Advantages of DeFi

DeFi advantages

DeFi is crucial for various reasons, including its potential to change the global financial system and yield enormous advantages. Among the many benefits of DeFi are:

Financial Democratization

DeFi has the potential to democratize access to financial services by reducing entry barriers and creating a more inclusive financial environment.

Traditional financial systems frequently contain constraints such as minimum investment amounts, credit scores, and regional restrictions, which can prevent a huge section of the world’s population from gaining access to financial services.

DeFi systems are open and available to anybody with an internet connection, fostering financial inclusion and empowering people to participate in the global financial system.

Enhanced Accessibility

DeFi platforms are accessible 24/7, allowing users to access financial services at their convenience. Traditional financial systems, such as banks and stock exchanges, frequently have limited operating hours, which might limit service availability.

The availability of DeFi platforms around the clock provides customers with greater freedom and can promote more smooth worldwide financial transactions.

Cost Cutting

DeFi platforms can help cut financial service costs by eliminating intermediaries and automating procedures with smart contracts. Traditional financial systems frequently involve several middlemen, such as banks, brokers, and payment processors, which can result in higher fees and longer transaction times.

DeFi can provide more efficient and cost-effective financial services by eliminating these intermediaries.

Better Security and Control

Through non-custodial wallets and decentralized protocols, DeFi systems allow users to keep control over their assets. This additional control has the potential to lower the danger of centralized failures, hacks, and mismanagement which are common in traditional financial organizations.

Furthermore, DeFi platforms frequently include blockchain technology, which, due to its decentralized and tamper-resistant nature, provides additional security and transparency.

Financial Ingenuity

DeFi has fostered a new wave of financial innovation by providing a platform for new financial products and services. DeFi projects’ open-source nature encourages cooperation and experimentation, which leads to the invention of novel financial instruments and application cases.

Decentralized lending and borrowing platforms, tokenized assets, yield farming, and decentralized insurance products are among the examples.

Enhanced Transparency

Because transactions are recorded on public blockchains, DeFi platforms provide greater transparency than traditional financial institutions. Users may trust the platform’s operations and check transaction accuracy without relying on third-party audits or locked ledgers because of this transparency.

DeFi Building Blocks: The Key Protocols Powering Decentralized Finance

DeFi protocols serve as the foundation for a wide range of DeFi applications and services. In this section, we will go over some essential DeFi protocols and how they enable various applications in the decentralized finance ecosystem:

AMMs (Automated Market Makers)

Decentralized trading is facilitated by AMMs such as Uniswap and Balancer, which use liquidity pools and algorithms to determine asset values. Users can earn trading fees by providing liquidity to these pools.

AMMs allow for the construction of DEXs and are crucial in guaranteeing effective price discovery and low-slippage trading.

Lending Protocols

Smart contracts are used by lending protocols like Aave and Compound to support decentralized lending and borrowing. They let users contribute assets to liquidity pools in exchange for interest or borrow assets in exchange for collateral.

These protocols eliminate the need for traditional middlemen, resulting in more transparency and access to financial services.

Stablecoins Protocols

Stablecoin protocols, such as MakerDAO and Terra, generate digital assets with a fixed value, often a fiat currency or a basket of assets.

They serve as a medium of exchange for numerous applications like lending, borrowing, and trading, as well as providing stability to the DeFi ecosystem.

Yield Farming and Liquidity Mining Protocols

Yearn.Finance and Harvest Finance, for example, use yield farming and liquidity mining techniques to help customers maximize their returns by allocating funds to the best-performing strategies across several DeFi platforms.

They automate the process of identifying high-yielding possibilities, allowing customers to better optimize their investments.

Derivatives Protocols

Derivatives protocols such as Synthetix and dYdX allow for the development and trading of decentralized derivatives, allowing users to hedge against a variety of assets such as cryptocurrencies, equities, and commodities.

In the DeFi arena, these protocols open up new investment opportunities and risk management measures.

Governance Protocols

Governance protocols like Aragon and DAOstack enable DeFi platforms to make decentralized decisions.

They give token holders the ability to vote on proposals and modifications, promoting community-driven development and management.

Oracle Protocols

Oracle protocols, such as Chainlink and Band Protocol, offer DeFi applications with precise and dependable off-chain data, such as price feeds and external events.

They are critical to the security and correct operation of many DeFi technologies that rely on real-world data.

Tokenization Protocols

Real-world assets can be converted into digital tokens via tokenization protocols such as RealT and Centrifuge, allowing for fractional ownership, easier trading, and higher liquidity.

They broaden the spectrum of assets available in the DeFi ecosystem.

Exploring the DeFi Universe: A Dive into Diverse Decentralized Apps

DeFi encompasses numerous apps aimed to support various financial services in a decentralized manner. Here’s a rundown of some of the most prevalent types of DeFi applications and how they fit into the DeFi ecosystem:

DEXs (Decentralized Exchanges)

Users can trade cryptocurrencies and tokens on decentralized exchanges without relying on a centralized intermediary.

DEXs support trading by utilizing liquidity pools, automated market makers (AMMs), and smart contracts, giving a more decentralized and secure alternative to traditional centralized exchanges.

Uniswap, SushiSwap, and Curve Finance are among popular DEXs.

Platforms for lending and borrowing

Users can earn interest on their deposits or borrow assets against their collateral using DeFi lending and borrowing systems.

Smart contracts are used on these platforms to automate and secure the loan and borrowing process, making them a more transparent and efficient alternative to traditional lending institutions.

Aave, Compound, and MakerDAO are a few famous lending and borrowing platforms.


Stablecoins are cryptocurrencies with a fixed value, generally tied to a fiat currency such as the US dollar or a basket of assets.

They are utilized in numerous DeFi applications, such as lending, borrowing, and trading, and give stability in the turbulent crypto market.

DAI (pegged to the US dollar and collateralized by other cryptocurrencies), USDT (Tether), and USDC (USD Coin) are examples of popular stablecoins.

Liquidity mining and yield farming

DeFi members use yield farming and liquidity mining tactics to optimize returns on their holdings. Users can earn interest, trading fees, or governance tokens by depositing their assets into DeFi platforms or liquidity pools.

These tactics have gained popularity due to the potential for high profits, but they can also be risky. Yearn Finance, Harvest Finance, and Balancer are several platforms that provide yield farming and liquidity mining opportunities.

Derivatives and synthetic assets

Synthetic assets and derivatives that track the value of underlying assets such as stocks, commodities, or other cryptocurrencies can be created using DeFi systems.

Users can acquire exposure to numerous markets by using synthetic assets rather than purchasing the underlying assets. Synthetix, dYdX, and UMA are examples of DeFi platforms that provide synthetic assets and derivatives.

Decentralized Insurance

Decentralized insurance platforms offer a decentralized method to risk management and protection against unfavorable events like hacks or smart contract failures.

Insurance plans can be purchased by users, and claims are resolved through decentralized governance or automated procedures. Decentralized insurance platforms include Nexus Mutual and Cover Protocol.

Aggregators and Asset Management

DeFi asset management systems and aggregators assist consumers in optimizing their investment plans and properly managing their assets.

Portfolio management features, automated investing methods, and access to numerous DeFi applications are frequently provided by these platforms through a single interface.

Zapper, Zerion, and TokenSets are examples of asset management and aggregator platforms.

Diverse Use-Cases of DeFi’s Potential in the Decentralized World

Asset Management

DeFi platforms assist users in managing and optimizing their digital assets by offering portfolio management tools, automated investing techniques, and access to a variety of DeFi applications.

Zapper, Zerion, and TokenSets are among the examples.

Compliance and KYT (Know Your Transaction)

DeFi initiatives can use KYT and compliance solutions to detect and prevent unlawful actions such as money laundering and terrorist funding. Chainalysis, Elliptic, and Merkle Science are a few examples.

DAOs (Decentralized Autonomous Organizations)

DAOs are organizations that are administered by code and have decentralized decision-making processes, allowing the community to manage resources and make collective decisions.

MakerDAO, Kyber Network, and Aragon are a few examples.

Data and Analytics: Data and analytics solutions for DeFi projects provide insights into project performance, risk, and other pertinent parameters. DeFi Pulse, Dune Analytics, and Nansen are a few examples.


DeFi platforms provide decentralized derivatives, which allow users to trade and hedge against a variety of assets such as cryptocurrencies, equities, and commodities. Synthetix, dYdX, and UMA are a few examples.

Developer and Infrastructure Tooling

Developer tools and infrastructure allow DeFi applications to be created, tested, and deployed. Truffle Suite, Infura, and Alchemy are a few examples

DEXs (Decentralized Exchanges)

DEXs allow for the trustless exchange of cryptocurrencies and tokens without the use of a centralized intermediary. Uniswap, SushiSwap, and Curve Finance are a few examples.


DeFi gaming platforms incorporate decentralized financial concepts into gaming experiences, such as tokenization and NFTs. Axie Infinity, The Sandbox, and Decentraland are a few examples.


Decentralized identification solutions give people greater control over their digital identities while also improving privacy and security. Civic, uPort, and SelfKey are a few examples.


Decentralized insurance platforms protect against unforeseen catastrophes like hacking or smart contract failures. Nexus Mutual and Cover Protocol are two examples.

Lending and Borrowing

DeFi lending and borrowing platforms enable users to earn interest on deposits and borrow assets in exchange for collateral. Aave, Compound, and MakerDAO are a few examples.

Decentralized Margin Trading Platforms

Decentralized margin trading platforms allow users to trade assets with leverage, increasing possible gains and losses. dYdX, Fulcrum, and DeversiFi are a few examples.


DeFi marketplaces make it easier to buy, sell, and trade various digital assets, such as NFTs and tokenized assets. OpenSea, Rarible, and SuperRare are other examples.


Decentralized payment solutions offer cost-effective, borderless payment choices. Flexa, Request Network, and Lightning Network are a few examples.

Prediction Markets

Users can speculate on the outcomes of certain events via decentralized prediction markets. Augur, Gnosis, and Polymarket are a few examples.


Through DeFi savings systems, individuals can earn money on their assets by placing them in lending pools or staking them in other protocols. Yearn.Finance, Anchor Protocol, and PoolTogether are a few examples.


Stablecoins keep their value stable by being linked to a fiat currency or a basket of assets. DAI, USDT, and USDC are a few examples.


Staking is storing digital assets in a wallet or smart contract to support blockchain network activities such as transaction validation and network security. This process of staking assets allows users to gain rewards.

Synthetic Assets

DeFi platforms generate synthetic assets that track the value of underlying assets like stocks, commodities, or other cryptocurrencies. Users can receive market exposure without owning the underlying assets.

Synthetix, Mirror Protocol, and Tokenlon are a few examples.


Tokenization is the process of transforming real-world assets, like real estate, art, or commodities, into digital tokens on a blockchain, allowing for fractional ownership, easier trade, and higher liquidity.

RealT, Centrifuge, and NFTfi are a few examples.


DeFi trading systems enable the purchase, sale, and exchange of various digital assets such as cryptocurrencies, tokens, and NFTs. Binance, Wazirx, and bybit are a few examples.

Navigating the Decentralized Finance Landscape: Comparing Popular DeFi Platforms

Here we will go over some of the most popular DeFi platforms.


Compound is yet another prominent DeFi lending and borrowing platform that allows users to supply and borrow multiple cryptocurrencies. For decentralized decision-making, it employs its native governance token (COMP).


SushiSwap is a DEX and yield farming platform that provides services similar to Uniswap but with added features like Onsen (custom liquidity pools) and BentoBox (optimal yield techniques). It governs using the SUSHI token.


MakerDAO is a decentralized credit platform that enables users to create the DAI stablecoin by encrypting collateral in smart contracts. It also provides a decentralized governance mechanism through the use of its MKR coin.


Synthetix is a DeFi platform that allows users to create and trade synthetic assets, allowing them to obtain exposure to other markets without owning the underlying assets. The SNX token is used for collateralization and governance.

Understanding Risks and Ensuring Security of the DeFi Minefield

Before you headfirst into Decentralized Finance lending, remember that it, like any investment, comes with its set of hazards. The value of cryptocurrency can fluctuate, and smart contract faults or hacks are always a risk.

However, with proper research and caution, DeFi lending can be an excellent way to put your crypto asset holdings to work and make some real passive income.

Security Flaws in Smart Contracts

Smart contracts are used by DeFi platforms to automate transactions and enforce agreements. Smart contracts, however, are still vulnerable to coding faults and weaknesses that hackers can exploit.

Users should look for platforms with certified smart contracts and a history of secure operations to mitigate this risk.

Impermanent Loss

Liquidity providers in AMM-based DEXs face the danger of impermanent loss. It occurs when the relative price of assets in a liquidity pool changes, resulting in a decline in the value of a user’s deposit.

Users might consider investing in stablecoin pairs or using advanced AMM platforms with greater risk management capabilities to limit impermanent loss.

Risk of Liquidation

Users must offer collateral while borrowing assets through DeFi lending networks. If the collateral’s value falls below a specific threshold, the user’s position may be liquidated, resulting in a loss.

Users should maintain a healthy collateral ratio and closely monitor their positions to prevent liquidation risk.

Regulatory Risk

As the Decentralized Finance industry expands, governments may enact new regulations that have an impact on the ecosystem.

Users should be aware of any regulatory changes that may have an impact on their DeFi investments and alter their plans accordingly.

Risks of Centralization and Governance

Some DeFi implementations retain centralization aspects, such as admin keys or centralized oracles, which could introduce possible points of failure or manipulation.

Platforms with strong decentralized governance and security measures should be sought after by users.

Platform and Token Risks

DeFi coins’ value can be variable, and some platforms may underperform or fail. Users should diversify their assets across several platforms and tokens and undertake rigorous research before investing to reduce platform and token risks.

  • Users should choose trustworthy platforms with a proven track record and audited smart contracts to assure security and mitigate dangers in Decentralized Finance.
  • For further security, they should secure their private keys and employ hardware wallets.
  • Use risk management measures like diversification and keeping a healthy collateral ratio.
  • Keep up to current on legislative changes, platform updates, and market circumstances.
  • When investing in fresh or unproven systems and tokens, proceed with caution.

How to earn passive income with DeFi?

How to earn passive income with DeFi

Decentralized Finance offers several chances for passive income. Here’s a step-by-step guide to investing in DeFi initiatives, as well as advice for analyzing and selecting viable investments, to get you started:

Step 1: Research and Select a DeFi Platform

Begin by learning about several platforms, such as loan protocols, DEXs, and yield farming platforms. When making your decision, consider considerations such as security, user experience, and historical performance.

Platform evaluation tips:

  • Look for platforms with audited smart contracts and a proven track record of security.
  • Platforms with a large user base and a significant total value locked (TVL) should be prioritized.
  • Examine the platform’s reputation and possibilities by reviewing community discussions, development updates, and news articles.

Step 2: Get a Cryptocurrency and a Supported Wallet

You’ll need a compatible DeFi wallet, such as MetaMask, Ledger, or Trezor, to engage with the chosen platforms.

Fund your wallet with a cryptocurrency that is compatible with the DeFi platform of choice, often Ethereum (ETH) or a stablecoin such as DAI or USDC.

Step 3: Connect Your Wallet to the DeFi Platform

Connect your wallet to the DeFi platform by following the on-screen instructions. To avoid phishing scams, make sure you’re on the platform’s official page.

Step 4: Invest in DeFi Opportunities

You can now invest in a variety of DeFi opportunities, depending on the platform you’ve chosen:

  • Lending platforms: Provide assets in exchange for interest on your deposit.
  • DEXs with liquidity pools: Earn trading fees and/or governance tokens by providing liquidity.
  • Stake assets to receive yield farming rewards in the form of governance tokens on yield farming platforms.
  • To deposit your assets and begin receiving passive income, follow the platform’s instructions.

Step 5: Manage and Monitor Your Investments

Check in on your DeFi investments regularly, assess their success, and alter your plan as appropriate. Keep an eye out for market changes and platform improvements that may influence your assets.

Suggestions for Choosing Promising DeFi Investments:

  • Diversification: To lessen the risk, spread your investments across numerous platforms and assets.
  • Investigate each platform thoroughly, including its tokenomics, governance mechanism, and team.
  • Risk management entails evaluating each investment’s potential risks and benefits and adjusting your portfolio accordingly.
  • Follow community discussions and developer updates to remain up to know on potential possibilities and advancements.

DeFi Technology Trailblazers: Case Studies of Successful Apps Shaping the Industry

Numerous successful applications have emerged in the DeFi ecosystem, each contributing to the industry’s growth and evolution. Let’s take a look at three prominent DeFi apps, their rise to prominence, and the impact they’ve had on the DeFi sector.


Background: Uniswap, launched in 2018 by Hayden Adams, is a decentralized exchange (DEX) that leverages automated market makers (AMMs) to conduct smooth token swaps.

Growth: Due to its novel AMM approach, user-friendly design, and strong community support, Uniswap has garnered huge popularity. With the release of Uniswap V2 in 2020, new features such as liquidity provider fees, enhanced pricing oracles, and direct token swaps were implemented.

Impact: The success of Uniswap has spawned a slew of additional DEXs and AMM-based platforms, considerably increasing the liquidity and accessibility of the DeFi ecosystem. It has grown to be one of the major DEXs in terms of trading volume and total value locked (TVL).


Background: Stani Kulechov developed Aave in 2017 as ETHLend, a decentralized peer-to-peer lending network. It then changed its name to Aave and included new features like flash loans, rate switching, and a native governance token (AAVE).

Growth: Aave’s novel features and attention to user experience led to quick growth, attracting both users and developers. Aave moved to a more decentralized governance style and increased its supported assets in 2020.

Impact: Aave has emerged as one of the major DeFi lending platforms, pushing the boundaries of decentralized finance with unique features such as flash loans. It has been critical in increasing the use of DeFi loans and borrowing services.


Background: Andre Cronje founded Yearn.Finance in 2020 as a DeFi platform that focuses on yield farming and aggregation. It optimizes customers’ investments by allocating funds automatically to the best-performing strategies across multiple DeFi platforms.

Growth: Yearn.Finance had tremendous growth thanks to its ground-breaking yield optimization techniques and the spectacular development of its native governance token, abbreviated YFI. The platform’s services were enhanced by integrating with other DeFi platforms and offering new products such as yVaults and yInsure.

Impact: Yearn.Finance has democratized access to yield farming prospects and prompted the establishment of other yield optimization platforms. Its success has aided DeFi’s expansion and spurred the development of fresh strategies and cross-platform collaborations.

The Future of DeFi

The future of the DeFi space is bright as the ecosystem evolves and matures. While predicting the exact direction of DeFi is hard, some important trends and developments are likely to affect its future:

Mainstream Adoption

DeFi platforms are anticipated to draw a larger user base as they become more user-friendly, secure, and accessible.

Integration with traditional financial services and the advent of new use cases may help drive DeFi systems’ mainstream adoption.

Cross-Chain Interoperability

The expansion of DeFi has resulted in a greater emphasis on cross-chain interoperability, allowing for frictionless communication and asset transfers between multiple blockchain networks.

This tendency is likely to continue, resulting in a more connected and versatile DeFi ecosystem.

Enhancement of Security and Regulation

As DeFi grows more popular, the need for greater security and regulatory compliance becomes more pressing.

We can anticipate continued work to strengthen smart contract security, eliminate risks, and ensure compliance with developing legislation, resulting in a more secure environment for DeFi users.

Expansion of DeFi Application Case

DeFi’s current use cases are likely to be expanded to include a broader range of financial services and products.

Real-world asset tokenization, decentralized insurance, and prediction markets are examples of innovations that will continue to push the frontiers of what DeFi can offer.

Layer 2 Scaling Solutions

To meet the increasing demand for DeFi, developers will continue to deploy Layer 2 scaling solutions such as rollups and sidechains, which enable faster, cheaper, and more efficient blockchain transactions.

Focus on Decentralized Governance

DeFi platforms will increasingly embrace decentralized governance models, giving consumers a vote in platform creation and management.

This tendency will encourage community-driven innovation while also increasing the reliability of DeFi systems.

AI and Machine Learning Integration

Artificial intelligence and machine learning, for example, might be integrated into DeFi systems to optimize investment strategies, increase risk management, and boost overall platform efficiency.

Explore more: Neural Networks: The Driving Force Behind Modern AI Revolution

Partner with OnGraph to Build Cutting-Edge DeFi Apps

OnGraph Technologies is a blockchain development company with an in-house team of qualified and experienced blockchain developers on staff who specialize in developing DeFi apps and other blockchain-based solutions.

OnGraph is well-equipped to help you manage the complexity of DeFi development, thanks to a comprehensive grasp of the DeFi ecosystem and a track record of successful projects.

By working with OnGraph, you receive access to a plethora of knowledge in smart contract development, tokenomics, decentralized governance, and more. Our staff remains on top of DeFi trends and technology to ensure your project is based on a solid basis and is optimized for success.

AI and ML Weekly Digest: Top Stories and Innovations

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Today we’ll discuss two interesting advancements in the AI/ML space. First, we’ll explore the influence of OpenAI’s GPT technology on employment markets, shining light on the potential implications for different occupations. Then, we’ll turn our attention to the exciting ways that AI/ML is improving the e-commerce landscape, providing unprecedented opportunities for personalization, efficiency, and customer satisfaction.

Let’s dive right in and have a look at the fascinating effects of these developments.

The Growing Influence of GPT Models on the U.S. Workforce

As artificial intelligence and machine learning improve, OpenAI’s GPT models will have a substantial impact on the U.S. workforce across numerous industries, resulting in both opportunities and challenges in the job market.

  • According to OpenAI research, GPT technology will have a significant impact on the jobs of US workers, with 80% of jobs being affected in some way. Higher-paying jobs are more vulnerable, and approximately 19% of workers might see at least 50% of their duties disrupted across practically all industries.
  • Because of their diverse applicability, we compare GPT models to general-purpose technologies such as steam engines or printing presses. The researchers assessed the possible influence of GPT models on various occupational tasks using the O*NET database, which contains 1,016 jobs.
  • Mathematicians, tax preparers, authors, web designers, accountants, journalists, and legal secretaries are among the occupations most exposed to GPT technology. The research anticipated that data processing services, information services, publishing businesses, and insurance companies will get most affected.
  • Food production, wood product manufacture, and agricultural and forestry support activities are projected to have the least impact.
  • The study has some limitations, such as human annotators’ familiarity with GPT models and lack of vocations measured, and GPT-4’s sensitivity to prompt wording and composition.
  • Google and Microsoft are already embedding AI into their office products and search engines, demonstrating the growing acceptance of AI technologies. Startups are using GPT-4’s coding ability to cut costs on human developers, highlighting the possibilities of AI in a variety of industries.

Researchers believe that the economic impact of GPT models will continue to expand even if new capabilities are not developed today.

How Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are Transforming E-commerce

The incorporation of artificial intelligence and machine learning in e-commerce is defining the future of online shopping experiences, allowing for greater personalization, customer service, and efficiency. Here’s a closer look at how AI and machine learning can alter e-commerce.

  • E-commerce has a significant impact on customer experiences since it represents how people perceive their interactions with brands.
  • Creating seamless experiences is critical in the digital environment to avoid cancellations, abandoned carts, refunds, and negative feedback.
  • According to Oberlo, 79% of shoppers make online purchases at least once a month, therefore seamless e-commerce experiences are in high demand.

With a few key integration tactics, AI and ML have the ability to greatly improve e-commerce user experiences:

Personalize Product Recommendations

AI algorithms can examine user data, browsing history, and purchase behavior to deliver personalized product suggestions, streamlining the shopping experience and boosting the possibility of sales. Amazon, Netflix, and numerous online supermarkets are great places for personalized recommendations.

Use of chatbots and virtual assistants

AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants provide real-time customer care and support around the clock, managing everything from answering queries to processing orders and resolving issues without the need for human participation.

Use Visual Search

Visual search technology and QR codes use AI algorithms to evaluate images and match them with relevant products, allowing customers to easily locate what they’re looking for even if they don’t have a specific description.

E-commerce enterprises can improve their consumer experiences and remain ahead of the competition by implementing these AI and ML integration tactics.


Lastly, the incorporation of artificial intelligence and machine learning in e-commerce is transforming the way businesses connect with their customers. Companies may create tailored experiences, improved customer service, and efficient shopping procedures by implementing AI and ML methods, ultimately increasing consumer happiness and loyalty.

By developing personalized AI/ML solutions, OnGraph Technologies can assist organizations in staying ahead of the competition. OnGraph blends cutting-edge technologies with a team of trained experts to design creative, customer-centric e-commerce solutions that promote growth and success.

Businesses can use the revolutionary power of AI and ML by teaming with OnGraph to optimize their e-commerce platforms and create amazing consumer experiences.

Ethereum Starter Kit: Smart Contract Development for Beginners

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Are you ready to use the latest innovations to transform your business operations? Smart contracts come to change the way you conduct contracts and transactions by bringing unparalleled efficiency and transparency to your fingertips.

Indeed, the global smart contracts market is expected to increase at an 18.1% CAGR from 2021 to 2028, reaching an incredible $345.4 million by 2028.

This beginner’s tutorial is designed for company owners like you who want to learn how to use Ethereum, the leading platform for smart contract development. You’ll learn Ethereum’s Solidity programming language, set up your ideal working environment, and write your first smart contract during this instructive and exciting session.

So gather your zeal, grab your favorite energy drink, and let’s explore the vibrant world of Ethereum development together!

So, What are Smart Contracts?

Smart contracts are self-executing digital agreements that automate transactions and simplify company operations. Smart contracts eliminate the need for middlemen by running on decentralized networks like Ethereum, resulting in a trustless, transparent, and tamper-proof system.

The benefits of adopting smart contracts are difficult to deny. They streamline processes, save expenses, and improve security by automating procedures that were previously dependent on human intervention. Let’s look at some real-world instances of businesses that have effectively adopted smart contracts:

  • Supply Chain Management: Smart contracts can be used to trace products from the manufacturer to the end consumer, providing transparency, eliminating fraud, and accelerating payment settlements.
  • Real Estate Transactions: Smart contracts can automate property transfers, escrow services, and leasing agreements, reducing paperwork, lowering expenses, and streamlining the entire process.
  • Insurance: Insurance businesses can use smart contracts to automate the claims process, ensuring prompt reimbursements and lowering the risk of fraud.

Now that you’re familiar with the concept of smart contracts and their real-world applications, it’s time to look deeper into why Ethereum is the best choice for smart contract creation.

Ethereum: The Ideal Smart Contract Development Platform


Ethereum has established itself as a prominent platform for smart contract creation; nevertheless, what makes it the best choice for businesses? Here are several major features that distinguish Ethereum:

Developer Community

Ethereum has a large and active developer community that is always contributing to the platform’s growth and enhancement. This dynamic ecosystem encourages creativity and offers a wealth of tools, making it easier for newbies to learn and build on the platform.

Robust Ecosystem

Ethereum’s ecosystem contains a variety of tools, frameworks, and libraries that make building and implementing smart contracts easier. This comprehensive bundle of materials assists developers in overcoming obstacles and expediting the development process.

Native Cryptocurrency

Ether (ETH) is the Ethereum platform’s native money, which supports smart contract execution and incentivizes developers to create and maintain decentralized apps (dApps).

Now that we’ve established Ethereum’s dominance in the smart contract ecosystem, let’s move on to Solidity, the programming language that enables Ethereum development.

Solidity: Ethereum’s Powerful Programming Language


Solidity is the primary programming language used on the Ethereum platform to create smart contracts. It is designed expressly for blockchain and smart contract development and has distinct features and capabilities that set it apart from other languages.

Here are some key features of Solidity:


Solidity is an object-oriented language that allows developers to write modular and reusable programs. This functionality facilitates the organization and maintenance of complex smart contract projects.

Static Typing

Solidity is a statically typed language, which means that variable data types are explicitly defined during compile time. This feature aids in the detection of potential mistakes early in the development process, hence improving the overall security and reliability of smart contracts.

Similarities to JavaScript

Solidity contains syntax similarities with JavaScript, making it easier for developers who are already familiar with JavaScript to learn and adapt to the language.

Contract Structure

Smart contracts in Solidity are arranged into a contract structure, which comprises features like state variables, functions, events, and modifiers. Understanding these aspects and their interactions is critical for the effective development of smart contracts.


Contract inheritance is supported by Solidity, allowing developers to build new contracts that inherit properties and methods from existing ones. This feature encourages code reuse and modularization, resulting in smart contract projects that are more controllable and organized.

Error Handling

To manage exceptional conditions and ensure that contracts execute only when particular requirements are met, Solidity provides error handling features such as ‘require’, ‘assert’, and ‘revert’. Implementing adequate error handling is crucial for smart contract security and stability.

Gas Optimization

Smart contracts on Ethereum consume ‘gas,’ which translates to transaction fees paid in Ether. Developers of Solidity could optimize their code to reduce gas usage, making smart contract interactions more cost-effective for users.

Best Security Practices

Writing secure smart contracts is critical in the realm of blockchain. Familiarizing yourself with common security patterns, such as the ‘Checks-Effects-Interactions’ pattern, as well as maintaining up to speed with Solidity’s latest security guidelines, can assist you in building robust and safe smart contracts.

Setting Up Your Ethereum Development Environment

Before getting into smart contract development, it’s critical to set up an appropriate development environment. Having the correct tools at your disposal can help you to streamline your process and increase your productivity.

Here is a list of crucial Ethereum development tools and resources:

Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

An IDE, such as Remix or Visual Studio Code, provides a user-friendly interface for creating, testing and deploying smart contracts. These IDEs provide syntax highlighting, auto-completion, and debugging features, making development easier and more efficient.

Solidity Compiler

To compile your Solidity code into bytecode that can be executed on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), you’ll need a Solidity compiler, such as ‘solc’. Most IDEs come with a built-in compiler or offer plugins to incorporate one.

Truffle Framework

Truffle is a popular Ethereum development framework that makes smart contract compilation, deployment, and testing easier. It also includes capabilities such as migrations, network management, and connection with well-known front-end technologies such as React and Angular.


Ganache is an Ethereum development personal blockchain that allows you to run tests, issue commands, and view state while controlling the execution environment. It’s a fantastic resource for mimicking blockchain interactions during development and testing.


MetaMask is a browser extension that acts as an Ethereum wallet and a bridge between your browser and the Ethereum network. It allows you to communicate with smart contracts and dApps without having to run an entire Ethereum node.

Learning tools

Solidity documentation, Ethereum Stack Exchange, and online courses like ConsenSys Academy or CryptoZombies are all excellent tools for learning and troubleshooting while working on Ethereum.

Continue Reading: The Ultimate Guide to Blockchain Development [Plus Use-Cases]

A Step-by-Step Guide to Creating and Deploying Your First Smart Contract

working of smart contracts

You’re ready to construct and deploy your first smart contract now that you’ve set up your development environment and have a basic understanding of Solidity and Ethereum.

Here’s a step-by-step tutorial to help you get started. However, if you feel you’re phasing out, you can partner with industry professionals.

Create the Smart Contract

Write the Solidity code for your smart contract in your preferred IDE. Begin with a small example, such as a token or a simple voting system, to become acquainted with the language and the development process

create smart contract

Convert the Smart Contract

When your code is finished, use the Solidity compiler (solc) integrated into your IDE or Truffle framework to convert it into bytecode that can be executed on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM).


Before releasing your smart contract to the Ethereum network, extensively test it with tools such as Ganache and Truffle. This stage guarantees that your smart contract works as intended and aids in the identification of any defects or vulnerabilities.

deploy smart contract

Deploy the Smart Contract

Once your smart contract has been tested, it is time to deploy it to the Ethereum network. To deploy a smart contract, you can use the Remix IDE, Truffle migrations, or even a web3-enabled script, depending on your tools.

Interact with the Smart Contract

After you’ve launched your smart contract, you may interact with it via MetaMask or a custom front-end interface. This step lets you put your smart contract to the test in a real-world setting and obtain a better knowledge of how people will interact with it.

interact with smart contract

Monitor and maintain

It is critical to monitor your smart contract after deployment for any unusual behavior, security issues, or performance bottlenecks. Regular maintenance will keep your smart contract secure and efficient, allowing it to respond to changes in the Ethereum ecosystem.

Congratulations! You have successfully created and deployed your first Ethereum smart contract. As you explore Ethereum development and design more complex smart contracts, know that the key to success is continuous learning, practice, and staying current with the latest blockchain breakthroughs.

Smart Contract Scaling: Integrating with Decentralized Applications (dApps) and Beyond

As your knowledge and comfort in smart contract development expand, you may want to consider integrating your smart contracts with decentralized applications (dApps) and scaling them to fit your business’s needs.
Here’s what you should know:

Creating Decentralized Applications (dApps)

Decentralized applications (dApps) are programs that operate on decentralized networks such as Ethereum, integrating the power of smart contracts with user interfaces to offer interesting and secure digital experiences.

Integrating your smart contracts with dApps can help you open up new business prospects while also improving user experience.

Interoperability with Other Protocols

As the blockchain ecosystem evolves, new protocols and platforms emerge, allowing for cross-chain interactions and greater functionality. Learning how to combine your smart contracts with various blockchain protocols will assist you in staying ahead of the curve and entering new industries.

Layer 2 Scaling Solutions

As your smart contracts grow in complexity and popularity, you may encounter issues with transaction throughput and gas expenses. Layer 2 scaling solutions such as Optimistic Rollups and zk-Rollups can assist you in overcoming these difficulties by offloading computation and storage from the main Ethereum network, resulting in faster and cheaper transactions.

Upgradability and Governance

As the complexity and user base of your smart contracts expand, adding upgradability and decentralized governance methods becomes crucial. These characteristics enable your smart contracts to adapt and evolve over time, ensuring long-term viability and harmony with your company objectives.

Security Audits and Best Practices

As your smart contracts manage more valuable and vital business functions, their security becomes increasingly important. Regular security audits, adherence to best practices, and being current on the latest security research can assist you in maintaining resilient and secure smart contracts that can survive future threats.

Using web3.js and Creating a Simple Web Interface to Interact with Your Smart Contract

You can interact with a deployed smart contract using libraries such as web3.js, which provide a straightforward way to communicate with the Ethereum blockchain. We’ll show you how to make a simple web interface for users to interact with a smart contract in this guide.

We’ll utilize the SimpleMessage contract we built before in this example.

Create your project

Make a new folder for your project and run npm init to get it started. Run the following command to install the essential dependencies:

npm install code

Connect to the Ethereum network

Make a file called index.js in your project folder. Set up a connection to the Ethereum network using web3.js in this file:

index.js file

Make a basic web interface

In your project folder, create an HTML file called index.html with the following structure:


Use web3.js to interact with the smart contract

To communicate with the smart contract, add the following functions to your index.js file:

async func to index.js

Serve your dApp

To test your dApp, use a simple HTTP server such as http-server. Using npm, install it globally:

npm global

Then, in your project folder, execute the server: http-server

To interact with your dApp, open your browser and go to http://localhost:8080.

Using web3.js, you’ve now constructed a simple web interface for people to interact with your smart contract. As needed, this basic configuration can be enhanced and adapted to accommodate more complicated smart contracts and user interactions.

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Partner with OnGraph for Smart Contract Development

For organizations wishing to harness the power of blockchain, OnGraph provides skilled smart contract development services. Our expert smart contract developer team has vast experience in Ethereum-based smart contract creation and adheres to the best security principles.

Being a leading Blockchain development company, we provide complete smart contract platform development solutions from smart contract logic, smart contract design, and smart contract code, as well as bespoke integration with current systems and continuous support and maintenance with our leading Blockchain developer team.

Besides our wide range of smart contract development services, we also specialize in NFT marketplace development, (dApps) decentralized application development, and quality assurance of these apps suited according to your business needs.

Choose OnGraph as your Ethereum smart contract development company to explore the possibilities of blockchain technology for your business.

Why React Native is Ideal for Building Cross-Platform Business Apps

React native development

React Native is the second most popular cross-platform mobile app development framework and holds the sixth rank among all development frameworks with a market share of 38%.

Since its creation, React Native has been on an upward trend, with more and more developers and businesses opting to use it as their primary framework for creating mobile applications due to its reliability and scalability.

Around 53% of developers have experience with React Native, making it the second most popular mobile development framework according to the 2021 State of JavaScript report.

In this blog, we will uncover various aspects of React Native app development, from how to use and benefits to comparison with other cross-platform app development frameworks.

What is React Native App Development?

React Native is an open-source cross-platform mobile app development framework developed by Facebook that enables developers to build native-like mobile apps by leveraging the React.js library.

With React Native app development, you can design high-performing, feature-rich, mobile apps with a single codebase in JavaScript that runs on various platforms like Android and iOS. You can also use the same techniques, tools, and workflows that are utilized for web development, making easier transitions from web development to mobile app development.

Instead of web-based components, React Native app development employs native components, hence providing a better app performance. React Native also boasts a large developer community, that builds third-party plugins, integrations, and libraries to extend its functionalities and assist other developers.

What’s New in the React Native Ecosystem

The React Native ecosystem is always changing, with new updates, tools, and features coming out all the time. In case you’re interested in what’s new in the React Native ecosystem, here you go:

  • React Native 0.64: React Native released version 0.64 with various new features, improvements, and bug fixes. Hermes runtime configuration, accessibility improvements, and iOS and Android components are important features.
  • Expo SDK 43: Expo SDK is a popular React Native app development and deployment toolkit. SDK 43 supports iOS 15, Android 12, and TypeScript 4.4.
  • React Native Navigation v6: A popular React Native navigation library. v6 adds stack presentation, a tab bar component, and performance improvements.
  • React Native Firebase: React Native Firebase integrates Firebase, Google’s mobile developer platform, easily. The latest upgrades support Firebase Authentication v9, Performance Monitoring, and ML Kit.
  • React Native CLI: This command-line interface builds and manages React Native projects. The latest updates enhance TypeScript support, project initiation, and third-party integration.

The Architecture of React Native

Architecture of React Native

React Native adheres to a unidirectional data flow design, meaning that data travels in a single path via the application’s components. The architecture is based on the Facebook-developed Flux architectural pattern.

The primary components of React Native are:

  • View: This component is in charge of displaying the user interface. It also can have additional elements like text and pictures.
  • Props: They are the data supplied to a child component by its parent. They cannot be altered within the component as they are immutable.
  • State: It is a component’s internal data. It is modifiable by the component itself, and when it is, the component is re-rendered.
  • Redux: It is a library for state management that is compatible with React Native. It keeps the application state in a single store, from which the components can access the state.
  • Actions: They are events that initiate state changes within an application. These are sent to the store, which then updates the state and re-renders the components.
  • Reducers: They are functions that manage activities and change the state of the application.

React Native employs a Virtual DOM (VDOM) to efficiently update the user interface. It is a lightweight clone of the actual DOM that determines the least number of updates required to update the user interface. This makes React Native apps more efficient and quicker.

How is React Native Better Than Flutter For App Development?

React Native vs Flutter App Development

Both React Native and Flutter are well-known cross-platform mobile app development frameworks for developing. Although they have some similarities, they also have substantial differences. Here are some important distinctions between React Native app development and Flutter app development


React Native uses JavaScript, and Flutter uses Dart. JavaScript is a more popular language that developers find easier to learn and utilize. Dart, on the other hand, is a more recent programming language that was created expressly for app development.


React Native use native components, whereas Flutter employs its own collection of widgets. Native components offer superior performance and a more consistent user experience, whereas Flutter widgets offer greater customization and flexibility.

Development environment

For each platform, React Native requires a distinct development environment, such as Xcode for iOS and Android Studio for Android. Flutter offers a unified development environment across both platforms.

Hot reloading

React Native supports hot reloading, which allows developers to observe changes in the app without having to rebuild or restart the app. Flutter has a similar functionality called “hot reload,” although it isn’t as fast as React Native

Community support

Because React Native has a larger and more established developer community, it has access to a broader choice of tools and third-party libraries. The Flutter community is fast increasing, yet it is still young in comparison to React Native.


Compared to React Native, Flutter has better performance because it compiles code to native ARM machine code, while React Native uses a bridge to talk to native components.

Difference between React Native App Development and Xamarin App Development?

React Native App Development and Xamarin App

React Native and Xamarin are both popular cross-platform mobile app frameworks. Here are the key differences between React Native app development and Xamarin app development:


React Native use JavaScript, whereas Xamarin uses C#. Developers may find JavaScript easier to learn. Modern app development language C# is ideal for enterprise apps.

User interface

React Native use native components, whereas Xamarin employs its own set of controls. Xamarin controls are more customizable, but native components run better and offer a more consistent user experience.

Development environment

Xcode for iOS and Android Studio for Android are required for React Native development. Xamarin’s cross-platform programming environment simplifies development.

Community support

React Native has a larger developer community with more tools and third-party libraries. Xamarin’s community is powerful but smaller than React Native’s.


As Xamarin converts code to native machine code, it outperforms React Native, which uses a bridge to interface with native components.


Xamarin requires a license for full functionality, which might be expensive for small enterprises and individual developers. Smaller teams can use React Native because it’s open source.

How to Start React Native App Development?

  • Install Node.js

React Native can’t run without Node.js and the Node Package Manager (npm) is installed. Node.js can be downloaded from its official website and set up in a matter of minutes if you read and follow the instructions carefully.

  • Install the React Native CLI

React Native includes a command-line interface (CLI) tool for creating and managing projects. You can install it in your terminal by typing the following command:

npm install -g react-native-cli

  • Start a new project

The react-native init command can be used to create a new React Native project. For instance, you can enter this command in the terminal to initiate the creation of a new project with the name “MyApp”:

react-native init MyApp

This will create a new project with the basic file structure and dependencies.

  • Run the project

You can run the project using the following command:

cd MyApp

react-native run-ios

This will start the iOS simulator and launch the app.

  • Write the code

You can now begin developing your app’s code by making use of React Native’s APIs and components. React Native comes with a set of fundamental components that you can use to design your user interface, including text, image, view, ScrollView, and others.

  • Debugging and testing

You can test and debug your app using the React Native development tools. For example, you can analyze the component hierarchy and state using the React Native Debugger tool, and log warnings and errors using the console.

  • Create and deploy

When you’ve designed and tested your app, use tools like Xcode and Android Studio to build and push it to app stores.

What is the Difference between React Native App Development For Android and iOS?

While React Native allows for the creation of cross-platform mobile applications, development for the Android and iOS platforms differs. Here are some of the notable differences:

UI Components

React Native includes a set of UI components that may be used to create applications. However, the UI components for Android and iOS differ slightly. Developers must verify that the application’s UI components are compatible with both platforms.

Platform-Specific APIs

Android and iOS have platform-specific APIs that the other platform does not have. While React Native gives access to the majority of the core APIs, developers may need to leverage platform-specific APIs to provide platform-specific functionality in some cases.

Platform-Specific Styling

Because the styling for the Android and iOS platforms changes greatly, developers must ensure that the application’s design and layout adhere to the platform-specific requirements. React Native allows developers to easily generate platform-specific styles by providing a means to declare styles for both platforms.


React Native includes a navigation library that allows developers to design screen navigation. The navigation styles, however, change across Android and iOS. Developers must ensure that the navigation styles follow platform-specific rules.


Debugging React Native apps for Android and iOS differ differently. While both platforms include debugging tools, the debugging process differs. To effectively debug apps, developers must be familiar with platform-specific debugging tools.

How can Businesses Benefit From React Native App Development?

Businesses Benefit From React Native App Development

React Native offers numerous benefits to businesses wishing to develop mobile applications. Among the primary benefits are:

Cross-platform development

Using React Native, developers can create apps for both the iOS and Android platforms using a single codebase. Developers can save time and money by not having to design different codebases for each platform.

Reduced development cycles

The hot reloading feature of React Native allows developers to see changes in the app instantaneously, without having to rebuild or restart the app. This can hasten the development process and shorten the time to market.

Code reusability

Developers can save time and energy by reusing code between projects, thanks to React Native’s modular design and component-based architecture.

High performance

React Native renders the user interface using native components, which gives greater performance than hybrid application development frameworks that rely on web-based components.


The modular architecture of React Native enables businesses to easily extend their apps, adding new features and capabilities without having to completely rewrite the app.

Large developer community

React Native offers a huge and active developer community that provides access to a variety of resources, tools, and third-party libraries that can expand the functionality of an app.

Business Challenges Faced During React Native App Development

Business Challenges Faced During React Native App Development

While there are many benefits for organizations to use React Native, there are also potential drawbacks. Some of the major obstacles include:

Absence of native functionality

While React Native gives you access to numerous native device capabilities and APIs, some of them may be unavailable or have restricted usefulness. This can be difficult for organizations that need unique app functionalities.

Issues with compatibility

React Native may not be compatible with all third-party libraries and frameworks, which can be difficult for organizations that rely on these tools in their development workflow.

Support for legacy systems is limited

Because React Native is a new technology, it may not be well-suited for enterprises that need to integrate with older legacy systems or technologies.

Developer recruitment and training

It can be difficult to find skilled React Native developers, and firms may need to invest time and resources in training their developers on this technology.

Debugging and testing

Debugging and testing React Native apps can be difficult because the technology is still emerging and developers may have limited resources and tools.

Popular Apps Built By Leveraging React Native App Development

Popular Apps Built By Leveraging React Native App Development

Several well-known apps have been built with React Native, making it a popular approach to developing cross-platform mobile applications. These are some examples of popular React Native apps:

  1. Facebook: In 2015, Facebook rebuilt parts of its app using React Native. React Native powers numerous Facebook features.
  2. Instagram: Instagram, which is owned by Facebook, also employs React Native in some portions of its app. This contains the Explore tab, main feed, and profile page elements.
  3. Skype: Skype, a popular video-conferencing app, uses React Native for its mobile app. The program lets users phone, text, and transfer files smoothly.
  4. Tesla: Tesla’s mobile app uses React Native to control automobiles, and monitor battery conditions, and other capabilities.
  5. Bloomberg: Bloomberg’s real-time market data, news, and analysis mobile app leverages React Native.
  6. Uber Eats: Uber Eats’ mobile app leverages React Native to order meals from local restaurants and track deliveries in real time.

Best React Native Practices You Should Integrate with Your Development Strategy

If you’re developing an app with React Native, consider the following guidelines:

  • Use a modular approach: Avoid constructing monolithic components and instead utilize modular code that can be readily reused and maintained.
  • Keep the code as simple as possible: Avoid over-engineering or over-optimization by keeping the code basic and clear.
  • Use Redux to handle state: Redux provides a centralized store for state management, making it easier to maintain and debug the application’s state.
  • Improve performance: To boost app performance, employ strategies such as lazy loading, caching, and image optimization.
  • Thoroughly test the app: Employ automated testing tools such as Jest or Enzyme to thoroughly test the app and ensure it functions as anticipated.
  • Utilize version control: To manage the codebase and track changes, use a version control system such as Git.
  • Follow the platform’s guidelines: To guarantee that the app appears and feels like a native app, adhere to the platform-specific design guidelines.
  • Keep up with new releases: Stay up to speed with new React Native and its components, and make sure you update the codebase regularly to avoid compatibility concerns.
  • Debug the app efficiently: Utilize debugging tools such as React Native Debugger or Flipper to effectively debug the app and swiftly address bugs.
  • Document the code: Describe the code and maintain it up to date so that new developers can join the project and understand the source.

Partner With OnGraph To Build Native-like Apps With React Native App Development

OnGraph is a leading React Native app development company providing cutting-edge and industry-leading React Native app development services with over 15+ years of industry experience and an in-house team of dedicated and proficient React Native developers.

Hire React Native developers from OnGraph to build growth-driven, cross-platform, scalable, and flexible React Native apps that will scale your business growth.

Contact our experts to know more about our services and for free 1:1 React Native consultation.